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Five sentences each containing one or more gerund phrases?
Your assignment will be to write five sentences, each containing
one or more gerund phrases.
I was unable to write one or more gerund phrases in an
When one or more gerund phrases is required, I am at a decided
The assignment to write five sentences containg one or more
gerund phrases was beyond my current capabilities.
My inability to write five sentences containing one or more
gerund phrase spurred me to re-visit last week’s lessons.
I need five sentences each containing one or more… | Yahoo Answers – There was a monkey *hanging from a branch*. *Looking up*, I noticed I was late. *Often served with mint jelly*, lamb is a popular meat in the U.K. *Written in epistolary format*, Lady Susan is one of Jane Austen's early works. *Born in Austria*, Arnold now lives in California.Gerund gerund phrases always end in ing and are used as A. nouns B. adverbs C. adjectives D. pronouns. Sentences with many clauses and phrases are difficult to understand because the classes and phrases typically. Which of the following sentences contains a gerund? A. After deciding what…Both sentences are correct, but one has an infinitive as the object and the other has a gerund as the object. What is the difference? Gerunds and infinitives may be confusing, but they make your English speech more varied and colorful. It is very useful to study them and practice using them correctly.
Write five sentences, each containing one or more gerund phrases. – Sentences with many clauses and phrases are difficult to understand because the classes and phrases typically. Write a poem that describes an "incident" from your life. Gerund gerund phrases always end in ing and are used as A. nouns B. adverbs C. adjectives D. pronouns….Complete the gerund column with a verb from the list in the gerund. be cook do have make rain read talk tidy wake up work Have you your room? gerund 1 enjoy I enjoy in bed. reading 2 finish finished 3 go on Let's go out for lunch. * start can be used with a gerund or infinitive, eg. It started raining.Gerund phrases and their functions. Gerund phrase or participle clause? Where you are most likely to hear gerunds mentioned in EFL is when talking about verb patterns when a verb follows another verb. Exercise 4 – Complete the sentences with the gerund or to infinitive of the verbs in the box.
5 Simple Rules to Master the Use of Gerunds and Infinitives – Gerund phrase definition: A gerund phrase is a group of words that begins with a gerund and More specifically, a gerund is an action word (verb) that is acting as a noun. Examples of Gerunds Determine whether each of the following sentences contains a present participle or a gerund phrase.A gerund is one of three classes of words called verbals — words based on verbs and expressing an action or a state of being Confusion with Present Participle Phrases If a sentence resembling one of these statements includes a comma, it's likely to Want to improve your English in five minutes a day?The gerund is a verb that acts like a noun in a sentence. The gerund is obtained by adding the -ing tag to a verb root. Here are 10 examples of gerund sentences 3.Getting up early is a good habit. 4.Being married will not make me happy. 5.Looking after many children keeps Susan busy.
Learn about Phrases and Clauses | English Grammar | iken | ikenedu | ikenApp – .
Using the Verb Be – 5 Levels of English Grammar – Hi, I’m Oli.
Welcome to Oxford Online English! In this lesson, you can learn about using
the verb ‘be’, and test your English grammar skills! Are you a beginner? Or, are you a high-level English learner who’s
been studying for years? This lesson will have something for you whatever
your English level is. You’ll see many ways to use the verb ‘be’,
from the most basic uses to complex structures. Want more free English lessons? Check out our website: Oxford Online English dot
com. You can also book English classes with our
fully-qualified teachers, who can help you with your English speaking, writing, IELTS
preparation, or whatever else you need. One more thing: do you want to watch this
video with subtitles? You can! Turn them on now by clicking the ‘CC’
button in the bottom right. Here’s how this lesson works. There are five levels. Each level is more difficult than the previous
one. Level one is beginner. Levels two to four are intermediate. Level five is high intermediate to advanced. If you’re not a beginner, start at level
two! At each level, you can see what you need to
focus on if you have difficulties. Ready? Let’s start! Here are five sentences. Complete the sentences with one word. Pause the video and think about your answers. If you want extra practice, say your answers
aloud! Ready? Here are the answers. Did you get all five right? You should probably fast forward to level
2! Did you make a mistake? Here’s what you need. One: you need to know the positive forms of
‘be’, including the past forms: ‘was’ and ‘were’. Here they are. Pause the video to look if you need more time. You also need to know the negative forms of
‘be’. Here they are. Again, pause if you need time to look. You can see that most negatives have a contraction,
or sometimes two. You should use the contraction most of the
time when you’re speaking. It doesn’t matter which contracted form
you use. Ready? Let’s go to level two! Here are your five sentences. Complete each sentence with one word. Contractions – like ‘isn’t’ – count
as one word. Again, pause the video to think about your
answers if you need time. Ready? Here are the answers. What’s the point here? You can use ‘be’ to make continuous forms. Continuous forms have many uses; for example,
you use continuous forms to talk about something happening at one moment in time. For all continuous forms, you need to remember
one rule: ‘be’ plus -ing verb. *All* continuous forms need both things: ‘be’
and a verb with -ing. There are other continuous forms – you’ll
see some of them later! Let’s see all the forms for the present
continuous, past continuous, and future continuous. You’ll see forms with the verb ‘go’
as an example. Each list will appear for three seconds; pause
the video if you need more time to look. Also, don’t forget that you can see all
this information on the free lesson page on our website. If you’re watching on YouTube, you can find
a link in the video description. What about sentence number five? Did you get it right? Do you find it strange? You can use ‘be’ in the continuous, normally
to talk about people. You use it when someone is behaving in a way
which isn’t normal for them. For example, if you say ‘She’s being so
impatient at the moment’, you mean that she’s generally a patient person, but she’s
behaving impatiently now. Maybe she’s under a lot of stress, and it’s
having an influence on her. When you use ‘be’ in the continuous, you
have the verb ‘be’ twice, like ‘she’s being’. This might look strange, but ‘be’ follows
the same rules as every other verb. You make a continuous form by using the verb
‘be’ plus an -ing verb. That’s the end of level two. Remember that you can always review a section
if you need to. Here are five more sentences. This time, you need to complete each sentence
with two words. One word should be a form of ‘be’. Remember that contractions – like ‘isn’t’
– count as one word. Ready? Here are the answers. So, what’s the idea here? You can use ‘be’ in different times and
tenses, like any other verb. ‘Be’ has perfect forms, like ‘have been’,
‘has been’ and ‘had been’. ‘Be’ doesn’t behave differently to other
verbs here. Sometimes we hear questions like “How do
you use ‘have been’ and ‘has been’?” What’s the difference between ‘have been’
and ‘had been’? These aren’t questions about using ‘be’. If you’re asking these questions, you need
to learn more about perfect tenses. ‘Be’ can also be used in the future, with
verbs like ‘will’ or ‘going to’. Like you saw in level two, you can have the
verb ‘be’ twice in one sentence if you use a verb like ‘be going to’, which contains
‘be’. In number three, the first ‘be’ – ‘isn’t’
– is part of the verb ‘be going to’, which you use to talk about the future. The second ‘be’ is the main verb. It goes with the word ‘late’. If you’ve got everything right so far, you
know a lot about English verb forms and how to use ‘be’. Ready for level four? This time, let’s do something different. Here are five sentences, like before. This time, there is a mistake in each sentence. Can you correct the mistakes? Pause the video, and think about the corrections. Write your answers down, if you want. Ready? Here are the answers. Can you see what connects these five sentences? They all involve the passive voice. To make the passive voice, you need two things:
‘be’ plus a past participle. Often, English learners make mistakes like
these. Sometimes, they forget to use ‘be’ in
a passive sentence, like in sentence number one. Sometimes, they add ‘be’ where it isn’t
needed, like in sentences two and five. Be careful, because remember that ‘be’
is also used to make continuous forms. And, there are passive continuous forms. Do you mix these up? It’s not always easy, but there are simple
rules which work. Continuous forms use ‘be’ plus an -ing
verb. This rule has no exceptions. Passive forms use ‘be’ plus a past participle. This rule also has no exceptions! So, in sentence four, you have a continuous
form: ‘was being’, and a passive form: ‘being cleaned’. They overlap,
but they follow the rules. ‘Be’ plus -ing verb, and then ‘be’
plus past participle. If you have difficulties here, then study
continuous forms and the passive voice. Pay attention to passive continuous forms,
so that you can avoid mistakes with ‘be’ like you saw in our examples. OK, let’s move on to our last level! Here are your sentences. You need to complete the missing words. This time, you can use one or two words. At least one word in each gap must be a form
of ‘be’. How did you do? Here are the full sentences. So, what’s this about? Like every verb, ‘be’ has infinitive and
gerund forms. You can see this in sentence number one. The sentence is passive, so you need – remember?
– ‘be’ plus a past participle. But, you’re using the verb ‘like’, which
needs a gerund. So, ‘talk’ is passive, but *also* a gerund:
‘being talked’. Usually, we talk about infinitives and gerunds
like they’re single things. But, there are different infinitives. There’s an infinitive with ‘to’, and
an infinitive without ‘to’. There are also continuous infinitives – ‘be
being’ – and perfect infinitives – ‘have been’. The gerund – being – also has a perfect
form – having been. You often need the different infinitives with
modal verbs. Modal verbs don’t have past forms, so if
you want to express a past meaning, you need to use a perfect infinitive after the verb. For example, look at sentence number two. Think about the difference between these two
sentences. ‘Would’ is a modal verb, so it doesn’t
have a past form. ‘I would like to be there’ could mean
now, or in the future. To talk about the past, you need a perfect
infinitive: ‘I would like to have been there.’ You can see a continuous infinitive in sentence
three. The room is in the process of being redecorated
now, so you use a continuous form. It’s also passive, so you need the verb
‘be’ twice – once for the continuous form, and once for the passive form. Sentence four uses a perfect gerund, and is
also passive. Perfect forms need a past participle, and
passive forms also need a past participle. This means you have two past participles in
a row: ‘been involved’. Confused? It might take time to get comfortable with. However, if you could understand the previous
parts of this lesson, then you have the tools you need to understand and form sentences
like this. These sentences don’t require new rules
or ideas; they require you to combine rules, because they combine multiple verbs. However, each step follows a simple, predictable
rule. What about sentence five? This looks like a gerund, although technically
it’s a participle. Participle clauses like this are a way to
add extra information to a noun. In this case, the subject of the sentence
is ‘he’, and the participle clause gives us extra information about him. You use a perfect participle because you’re
talking about the past as well as the present. If you want more practice on this topic, check
out the full version of this lesson on our website: Oxford Online English dot com. If you’re watching on YouTube, there’s
a link in the video description. You’ll find a quiz to help you practise
the use of ‘be’, including basic and more advanced uses! Thanks for watching! See you next time! .
Advanced English Grammar: Noun Clauses – Hi.
Welcome to www.engvid.com.
I'm Adam. In today's video we're going to
look at some more advanced grammar. We're going to look at the noun clause.
Now, you may have seen my previous video where I did an introduction
to subordinate clauses. Today I'm going to look at only one, only the noun clause, get
a little bit deeper into it, show you some examples, show you how it works, how
to build it, when to use it, etc. So before we begin, let's review: What is a
clause? A clause is a combination of words that must contain a subject and a verb. Okay?
Now, every sentence has at least one independent clause. The noun clause is a dependent clause. Okay?
I'm going to write that here. It's a dependent. What that means is that this clause cannot
be a sentence by itself. It is always part of a sentence that contains an independent
clause, but the noun clause can be part of the independent clause, and we're
going to see that in a moment. But before we do that, we also have to look
at the conjunctions. Okay? So these are the words… The conjunctions are the words that
join the noun clause to its independent clause or that begin the noun clause. Okay? And again,
we're going to look at examples. So these are the ones you need to know: "that", "which",
"who", "whom", "whose", "what", "if", "whether", "when", "where", "how", "why", and then: "whoever", "whomever", "whenever",
"wherever", "whatever", "whichever". These can all be conjunctions. Now,
you have to be careful with a few of them. Some of these can also be conjunctions to
adjective clauses, which will be a different video lesson entirely. And you also have to
remember that this clause in particular: "that", is quite often removed. Means it's understood to
be there, it's implied, but we don't actually have to write it or say it when we're using
the noun clause. And again, we're going to look at examples of that. Another thing to remember is that only some
of these can be both the conjunction, the thing that starts the clause, and the
subject of the clause. So, for example: "which" can be the subject,
"who" can be the subject, "whom" is always an
object, never a subject, and "what" can be the subject. "Who", "whoever",
"whatever", "whichever" can also be subjects. So I'm going to put an "s" for these. Okay? So
it's very important to remember these because sometimes you have to recognize that it is both
the conjunction and the clause, and recognize it as a noun clause. Now, of course, it will
be much easier to understand all this when we see actual examples,
so let's do that. Okay, so now we're going to look at when to
use the noun clause and how to use the noun clause. So, noun clauses have basically four
uses. Okay? Or actually five, but one of them is similar. First of all we're going
to look at it as the subject. So, a noun clause can be the subject
of a clause, of an independent clause. So let's look at this example: "What she wore
to the party really turned some heads." So, what is the noun clause? "What she wore to
the party". Okay? So here's our conjunction, here's our subject, and here's our verb. Okay?
And then here's another verb. Now, remember: In every sentence, you're going to have one tense
verb, will have one subject that corresponds to it. Here I have two tense verbs, which
means I need two subjects. So the subject for "wore" is "she", the subject for "turned"
is the entire clause. This is the noun clause subject to this verb. Okay? Turned what? Some
heads. And, here, we have the object of the whole sentence. So this sentence is essentially
SVO, so we have an independent clause, but the subject of the independent clause is a noun
clause. So although you have one independent clause, this is still a complex sentence because
we're using an independent and the subordinate, and the dependent clause to build it. Now,
here, the conjunction is separate from the subject itself. We're going to
look at other examples soon. Here: "Whoever wants to know should ask me."
So, if you're not sure about what's going on with clauses, a good hint, a good way to
understand any sentence is to first of all identify the verbs. Now, it doesn't mean identify
all the verbs. Identify all the tense verbs. So in this case we have "wants", and here we
have an infinitive, so this is not a tense verb. It's just an infinitive verb. And here we
have "should ask". Now, a modal is considered part of the tense verb, it's part of the main
verb of a clause. So now I have two verbs, of course I need to subjects. So,
here's my subject for "wants", and here is my subject to "should ask". Who should ask me?
Whoever wants to know. Okay? So I still have a noun clause as the subject
for the main verb, and this is your object, and "wants" also has
its own object. So, the whole SVO, SVP, SVA applies
whether you're in a dependent clause or whether you're in an independent clause. And
if your noun clause is part of the independent clause, all the rules still apply. Think of
this as one subject with its verb and object. Here's your subject, verb, and object, and they
work together. So, noun clause as subject. Now, we're going to look at the next
example. Here we have noun clause as object, or subject complement. Just to refresh your memory: An object
answers the question what or whom about the verb. A subject complement answers
what or whom about the subject. So, let's look at the first example. So: "Please
ask mom what we're having for dinner." So, what is the subject here? Of course "you",
because this is an imperative. Ask who? Mom. This is indirect object. I hope you can see
"i.o." indirect object. Now, please ask mom what? What should you ask her? What we are having
for dinner. So, here we have our conjunction "what", here we have our subject "we", "are
having" is our verb, and "for dinner" is your adverb. Okay? So now this whole thing is the
object… Let me try to not make it too messy, here. Object to the verb "ask". Okay. Subject,
verb, object, conjunction, subject, verb, and then we have our adverb there.
But we're working on an object. Here's another example: "Do you know", so
now we're looking at it as a question. And this is one of the things that you have to
be careful about. Noun clauses are clauses, they're not questions. So when you see the
word "what" it doesn't mean necessarily that it's a question. A good hint, a good way to
understand that it's not a question, that it's a noun clause is that the subject comes
before the verb. In a question, the verb… The subject… The verb will come before the
subject. "What are we having for dinner?" Okay. "Do you know if she's coming?" So: "Do you
know", so "you" is the subject, "know" is the verb. Know what? So now you need an
object to the verb "know", so there it is. Well, without the question mark, but you understand
that. "…if she is coming?" "If" is the conjunction, subject is "she", "is coming" is your verb. And
you have a full clause, and the full clause acts as the object to "know".
So far so good. Now, when do we use a subject complement?
Generally when we have a "be" verb as your main verb or any copular or linking verb,
like: "seem", "appears", or "looks like". These are not action verbs. They're just situation
verbs, and so we use them like a "be" verb, like an equal sign. And we're
talking about the subject. So: "Paul isn't…" So, "Paul" is your
subject, "is not" is your verb. Is not what? "…what is generally considered handsome." Subject,
verb, verb, split up. Okay? "Considered handsome" is what? The object to "considered". But… So:
"is considered handsome" is the subject complement, tells you about Paul. Paul is
like not handsome. But not… You can't say not directly handsome, just most people look
at him, they wouldn't think he's a handsome person, general idea. Okay? But again, subject,
verb, subject, complement. Subject, verb, object, etc. Subject, verb, object, or whatever.
As… You must understand how the independent clause works in order to be able to use the
noun clauses properly in their positions. But so far we've looked at noun clause as
subject, noun clause as object, noun clause as subject complement. We still have to look
at two more uses of the noun clause. Let's look at those now. Okay, so now we're going to look at the other
two types of noun clauses, or the other two uses of the noun clause. The first one we're
going to look at is the object again, but this time we're looking at the object of a
preposition. So, in this case, what is a preposition? Words like "for", "about", "to", so these are
prepositions, and prepositions take objects. So we can use a noun clause as
an object to a preposition. "Sarah should not be held responsible for…"
so now I'm giving you an explanation what she shouldn't be responsible for. "…for
what her brother does." So, again, here's your noun clause. And it is the object of "for".
And the whole expression with a preposition is a complement to "be held responsible". I'm
completing the meaning. But this is not… This is where you have to be careful. It's not
an object to the verb: "should not be held", it's an object to the
preposition "for". Here's another example, and here I'm going to
have two. So sometimes remember an object… A sentence can have many objects, just
like a noun clause can be used many times. "It's more a question of…" so here's your preposition.
"…of whom she said it to than…" and here's… This is another preposition. "…than why she
said it." So, whom she said it to is more the thing we need to understand more than why
she said it. But again, it doesn't matter because here's your… Here's your first one.
Here's your first noun clause. Notice I'm using "whom" because it's "to whom". Okay?
And: "than why she said it", so here's another noun clause object. Object here, object here.
It doesn't matter what preposition you're using, but if it needs an object,
you can use a noun clause for that. And then we have the adjective complement.
Adjective complement. So sometimes we have a sentence that's complete, but then we want to
give a bit more information because although the sentence is complete, the idea is complete,
it needs more information. So… I shouldn't say that. The idea is not necessarily complete,
but the sentence is complete and can stand on its own. It's an independent. So: "I am happy", a complete sentence. "I am
happy", it's a complete idea as well, but there are many reasons to be happy, so I want
to give more information to make it a more complete idea. So then I can add in a noun
clause with "that". Now, you notice I put it between brackets. Why?
Because I can take it out. "I am happy that you've
decided to come." or: "I'm happy you've decided to come."
Now, more often than not, people will take this out. Why? Because extra words. We don't
need them. You will understand it's there. Just concentrate on what I'm saying. So, again,
subject, verb, "to come", object. All of this is giving me more information about the happy.
Happy why? That you've decided to come. "I'm unsure", "I am unsure", again, complete
sentence, technically, but there's a reason you're not sure. Right? So you want to
complete this idea with a noun clause. "I'm unsure if he's coming." Conjunction. Now, be
careful, "if" is also an adverb conjunction. But this is not an adverb situation, this is a noun
clause, conjunction, subject, verb, that's it. Complete clause. Now, one last thing I want to mention: Remember
I said a noun clause can be a subject, it can be an object, so you can have a sentence
that the subject is a noun clause and the object is a noun clause. So it looks
very complicated, but it's not. "That she might be right", this is your noun clause subject, "is"
is your main verb, "what frightens me." Noun clause again as subject complement. "Her
being right scares me." is another way to say it. But some people like to have very
fancy, very long sentences. And again, why would I write: "That she might be right
is what frightens me" and not if… "It's scary that she might be right." Like, with
this kind of sentence. Both are okay. This one will be more emphatic. People will listen
to this sentence or read this sentence with more attention, because it's long, because
you started a sentence with "That" which is not very common. So you're forcing something.
You're forcing the reader, if it's written, to take attention, to give attention. Not
very commonly used in spoken English, but it is sometimes. In written
English, much more common. Last sentence: "How you go about doing your
work should not affect when you get it done." "How you go about doing your work", so how
you work… Your… "…should not affect", this is your main verb. "…when you get it
done." I don't care how you do your work, that's not important. How you do it is how
you do it. When you finish is more important to me. And how you do it should have no bearing,
should have no affect on when you finish it, if you finish it at the deadline. But again,
we're not too worried about the meaning right now, we're worried about the structure. Noun
clause subject, main verb, noun clause object, complete sentence. This whole thing is technically
an independent clause, but again, it's considered a complex sentence because it uses both simp-…
Sorry. Independent and dependent clauses to build it. Now, I've given you a lot of information today.
I know it might be a little bit confusing. Make sure that you have a bit of background.
There's a good lesson I did on the sentence types: simple, compound, complex, compound-complex,
so four sentence types. You should review that video, it will help a little bit with
this as well. And this might also help you understand that lesson. I also did an introduction
lesson to dependent clauses. If you want, you can review that. This gets a little bit
more detail. Of course, I will also make videos about the adjective clause and the adverb
clause. They will come later, you will see those. And there's also going to be a lesson
about the… Or there is a lesson about the independent clause, where I explain all the
pieces in a little bit more detail. This is advanced grammar, but if you're going to be
writing, you need to know this stuff. And if you have some problems reading, especially
if you're taking a test, IELTS, TOEFL, CAE, whatever test you're taking, if you're having
problems with some of the readings – knowing how to identify clauses will help you a lot
in understanding what is written there. Okay? So, I hope this is all clear.
I hope you like this lesson. Please subscribe to my
YouTube channel if you did. If you have any questions about
this, please go to www.engvid.com. There's a forum there, you can ask your questions.
I'll be happy to answer them. There's also a quiz there that you can practice, and get
some more examples of noun clauses, and make sure you understand them. And of course, come back, get a
lot more great lessons at engVid, and see you again soon. Bye-bye. .