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General Characteristics of the Savanna Biome

source : sciencing.com

General Characteristics of the Savanna Biome

The world consists of different biomes, which are regions with similar climates, animals and plants. The five major types of biomes are aquatic, desert, forest, grassland and tundra. These can be split further. For example, savanna grassland and temperate grassland are the two main types of grassland biomes. Savanna biomes are found between tropical rainforest and desert biomes. They share certain characteristics of both.

TL;DR (Too Long; Didn’t Read)

If you’ve ever watched a TV program about African wildlife, you’ve seen a savanna biome. This transitional grassland biome – somewhere between a forest and a desert – is characterized by warm temperatures, moderate rainfall, fires, seasonal droughts, coarse grasses and diverse animals.

Savanna Grassland Biome Location

Savannas cover half the surface of Africa and are close to the equator in India, South America and Australia. Sometimes humans create savannas when they burn grasslands and cut down trees to plant crops, and sometimes animals do. Elephants can turn a forest into a savanna by knocking down trees, stripping bark from trees and stomping on seedlings. Savannas also result from climate changes and soil conditions.

Savanna Grassland Biome Climate

Savanna grassland weather is typically warm with temperatures ranging from 20 to 30 degrees Celsius (68 to 86 degrees Fahrenheit). Rainfall in the savannas is moderate, up to 75 cm per year – not enough to cause major floods. Areas with savannas have two seasons instead of four: a six-to-eight-month wet summer season and a four-to-six-month dry winter season. Lightning often strikes the ground in the dry season causing fires. Most plants lose their leaves or die off during the dry season.

Savanna Grassland Biome Plants

Rhodes grass, red oats grass, star grass and lemon grass are the most common grasses in the savannas. These grasses are coarse and grow in patches across bare ground. Because rainfall is light, few trees grow, although sometimes individual trees or small groves of trees grow near streams and ponds. The baobab tree survives the savanna’s dry conditions because it stores water between its bark and meat.

Savanna Grassland Biome Animals

Animals in the savannas include large mammals such as African elephants, zebras, horses and giraffes native to African savannas, as well as lions, hyenas, snakes and buffaloes. More than 40 species of hoofed mammals and big cats live in the African savanna. Savannas are also home to insects. During the dry season, most birds and large animals migrate to find more plentiful water supplies. Fires are common during the dry season, but various species adapted to survive. For example, small burrowing animals dig their way deep into the ground for safety until the fire is extinguished. One bird, the fork-tailed drongo, is attracted to the fires because it eats the insects that perish in the flames.

Chapter 4 the etymology of english words (continued) • Лексикология...

Chapter 4 the etymology of english words (continued) • Лексикология… – Each time two nations come into close contact, certain borrowings are a natural consequence. The nature of the contact may be different. Most of them take the second way, that is, they ad. just themselves to their new environment and get adapted to the norms of the recipient language.It is important to understand the characteristics of the various encryption methodologies. In which situation would a detective control be warranted? You have been asked to describe data validation to the data entry clerks in accounts receivable. Which of the following are good examples of strings…Llanos   Fires are important to savanna ecosystems, but not to grassland ecosystems. Deciduous trees lose their leaves in the fall to aid in their survival during the winter months. Most of the water and nutrients plants use are consumed by the leaves.

Cybersecurity Essentials 1.1 Final Quiz Answers – ICT Community – Grasslands are characteristic of areas where there is a balance between the amount of rainfall: not too much as to support a forest and not so less to make the land barren. Grassland, the savanna grassland for example consists of the occasional tree or shade trees but mostly grass.Tall grasslands, including the tallgrass prairie of North America, the north-western parts of Eurasian steppe (Ukraine and south of Russia) and the Humid Pampas of Argentina, have moderate rainfall and rich soils Savanna Grassland- Biomes of the world. Temperate Grasslands and Prairies Biome.Which of the following countries is NOT a member of the Commonwealth? The National Trust is a government run organisation that safeguards the pensions of top civil servants. 24. Which of these statements is correct?

Cybersecurity Essentials 1.1 Final Quiz Answers - ICT Community

an animal with thick fur Which of the following is characteristic of… – Savanna Grassland Biome Location. Savannas cover half the surface of Africa and are close to the equator in India, South America and Australia. Sometimes humans create savannas when they burn grasslands and cut down trees to plant crops, and sometimes animals do…. We expected that exotic grass cover and soil attributes, which influence the resprouting capacity and development of savanna specialists that persist Restoration of the herbaceous layer of cerrado grasslands can be successful using natural ecosystems as donor sites without impairing their…The following are questions that you may receive in the web event A Thousand Questions With Paimon . Only the correct answers are listed. Use Ctrl+F (find) to search up particular questions. After using his Elemental Burst, Lightning Fang , Razor's Normal Attacks will deal Electro DMG. False.

12 Explain the following nutrient cycles Carbon Oxygen ...
File:Biosphere 2 2009-05-10.jpg - Wikimedia Commons
Terrestrial Biomes · Biology
Tropical Deciduous Forest
Leopard Tortoise - Facts, Diet, Habitat & Pictures on ...
File:Veld met rode tulpen.jpeg - Wikimedia Commons
File:CSIRO ScienceImage 219 Fertile Clumps of Scrub in ...
File:Las Tablas de Daimiel grassland.jpg - Wikimedia Commons
Tropical Deciduous Forest
Course: S5: Geography, Topic: UNIT 8: WEATHER AND CLIMATE ...
Computer Kiddos Wiki / 6th Grade Biome Project

Danessa Dearest | Enchantimals: Tales From Everwilde | Episode 2 –         What’s he doing?                     [panting]                          [???]                  Sprint likes to exercise    
        after every meal.               Sprint’s motto is–               if you look good,       
         you feel good,                  and you are good.                [leaves rustling]                     [bonk]                      Ouch! Ouch-ouch!        
      Ouch-ouch-ouch! <i>Ouch!</i>             That must’ve hurt!        [gasps] Are you                 
okay, Sprint?                                Right on the noggin.
       [together]: Yeesh!        Concussion!                      Ow! Ow! Ow! Ow!                               Hmm. No concussion.                  No head trauma.     Just a little teeny bump.          Huh?                                  [sniffing]                    Ouch! Ouch-ouch!        
      Ouch-ouch-ouch! <i>Ouch!</i>                             [gasping]           What is that?                  [starts bawling]                                   [gasp]               Look!             
        A baby porcupine!                [together]: Aw…                      Wah!                             I bet             
     he fell from his nest.                 Porcupines           
    don’t have nests, Sprint.                  Wah!                         Whoa! Oh-oh–                   Oh! [chuckles]                     -[giggling]          
           -Nice hat!                          Huh?                                     Wah!                    Uh-oh.                    I better get him back     
      to the Rescue Center.               And we’d better        
       look for his mama.          Sprint, since you found him,                      you should   
                   come with us.               Okay.                        [baby crying]            Don’t you worry, little guy.     I’m going to take care of you       like you’ve never been     
      taken care of before.         I mean, if any Enchantimal   
      can deal with a baby,                  it’s me!                     [porcupine bawls]            [baby porcupine bawling]          Oh, please stop crying.                  Please!                          I know!                   Maybe you’re hungry.                  [slurping]           
|||||||||||||                       [retching]
|||||||||||||              [gasps]            
|||||||||||||              [burps]                           Oh…                         Ooh! Wait!                 I’ll sing you to sleep.           ? Rock-a-bye, Junior      
        in the treetop ?             ? Even though porcupines    
       Don’t have nests ?            ? The cradle will rock ?          ? When the bough breaks    
     the cradle will fall ?            ? And down will come      
    Junior, quills and all ?                Wah-ah-ah!                  ? Rock-a-bye, Junior      
        in the treetop ?             ? Even though porcupines    
       Don’t have nests ?            ? The cradle will rock ?          ? When the bough breaks    
     the cradle will fall ?            ? And down will come      
    Junior, quills and all ?              [crying louder]                         Huh? Oh, I know.                 How about a game
                of peek-a-boo?              Peek-a-boo!                      I see you!                 Peek-a-boo. I see you.                  Peek-a–                     Where did you go?                             Junior!          Good little porcupines     
      do not climb windows.               [knock on door]                   Hey, Danessa.         
        I need your help.           I have a blister on my foot            that feels like        
   it’s the size of a pumpkin.              [sniffing]                   See? It’s working!           My latest Nostril Amplifier              is tracking          
   the mama’s porcupine scent.             Right, Twist?                                   Uh-huh.         [breathes deeply]                              Ah-ah-ah–                         …choo!     And if that doesn’t work,         our good old-fashioned     
     outdoor tracking skills            will be the answer,      
          right, Flick?                   Mm-hmm. Uh-huh!                   Have you been         
   tree-leaping again, Merit?           Hey, I’m a monkey,       
         it’s what I do.               Okay, a little salve             and it’ll be all gone     
             in a…                          [hums]                         [crashing]                         Junior!                      [Junior crying]                      Shh…                         [knocking]                   Oh, Danessa, please      
    help Flag with her knots.        Hmm. It looks like a case   
     of Knotty Wool-a-titis.            Cough for me, Flag.                                Junior!             [crying]                      Okay, I got it.            Danessa! About my blister?              Flag’s knots?                      [bawling]                         [gasps]                           [???]                  Danessa, what about Flag?               -Danessa…          
           -Danessa…                         -Danessa…       
              -Danessa…             Wait, that’s not right.                 [bawling]                       My blister?               Danessa! What about Flag?                [bawling]                    Everyone… stop!                   [sniffing]                          Ooh!                      What is it, Twist?       
           What is it?                 Look under that rock.                   [gasps]                          [thud]                    Oh! Ow-ow! Ouch-ouch!     
        Ouch, ouch, <i>ouch!</i>                  You’re fine.                         What?                     Okay, no porcupine       
          under there.                  [muffled grunting]               [gasps] Over there!      
           Over there!               Quick, behind that bush!                    Oh!                         Whoa– ouch!                 Ouch! Ooh! Ooh! Ouch!     
          Oo-oo-oo-oo!                Sprint! Maybe try using    
  your inner-magnetic compass,             like cats do.                    Oo-oo-oo-oo!                   Ah! Oo-oo-oo-oo!                    [crashing]                    Bb-bb-bb-bbphft!                     [panting]                             Or try to taste          the mama porcupine’s   
         scent with your tongue,                    like a snake.            [rattling]                          What?                    What about the mama?                           Don’t worry.            We’ll find           
      that mama porcupine.                         [sniffing]                [knocking]               Just wait till Danessa gets  
 a sniff of our latest perfume–     "Purple Potato Surprise."               [poof-poof]                          Ah!                        The surprise is        
 it doesn’t smell like potatoes.             [laughs]                         [knocks]                  Huh… still no answer?                [knocking]                   [drumming on door]                 -I’m a warm…         
           -[gasping]                 …And nurturing deer.       I’m a warm and nurturing deer.      -[chomping and grunting]    
 -I’m a warm and nurturing deer.        Aw… poor Danessa.               Maybe Caper and I       
            can help.                        [panting]                 I don’t need any help!            I have it completely      
         under control.                      Yessiree.           
        No help. No need.                   I’ll do it!          
         No matter what!                  [crazed laugh]                      [bawling]                          I think we should 
              look in the trees. I think we should               
look in the bushes.                             Well, my idea    
               makes more sense. Well, I like                    
my idea better.                              Let’s try it my way. But my way works, too.                             [grunts]       [grunts louder]                  Um, uh…                        how about                       
a-a finder enchantment?                     A finder enchantment? What a great idea, Sprint.               Ha! Hmm. Well…                I have my moments.                 First, we need         
       a porcupine quill.                      [???]                            -Ah!              
              -Ow!               Thanks!                                        [???]                     [chanting together]       The fluff should act like       
iron filings to a magnet…                   And be drawn to    
             the mama porcupine.               Follow that fluff!            Come down!           
          Come… down!           Oh, why won’t you listen to me?        You sure you don’t       
         want our help?                      I… I…                          I…                             Oh…                        Yes, please.                   What should I do?               Well, first thing–      
  you’re thinking like a deer,          when you should be       
   thinking like a porcupine.           Um… which means?               It just so happens,            I know a thing or three    
        about porcupines,              having once played–      
           [chuckling]           …a really funny practical joke
       on a family of them           that involved a huge pie,   
         fake whiskers,                   and a rutabaga.                   [cracking up]                     Uh… ahem.                   Anyway, it seems        
that porcupines love to eat bark        and will climb high      
  into the trees to get to it.         So, it’s natural for      
    Junior to want to climb,        and if you’d let him do it,  
       he’d be just dandy.            You mean all the crying    
           was because                 I wouldn’t let him do     
    what he’s supposed to do?                 Uh-huh.             Well, I was                     
scared he’d fall.                Well, that’s what               
would happen to me               if I tried                      
to climb that high.                             That’s because…            [together]:          
     You’re not a porcupine!             [together]: Ooh!                [Felicity]: There!       
          There she is.          Who knew porcupines could climb?    Come down, Mama Porcupine.       We know where your baby is.         [squealing with glee]                   Okay! To Danessa’s.              [gasps]                      [coos happily]                 [Enchantimals]: Aw!      
|||||||||||||      I guess you could say,                 "All’s well          
   if it doesn’t get a quill."                      [baby gushes 
                   and chitters]               Aw…                  [fighting tears]: That…   
  little guy really grew on me.             [sniffling]           Oh! There, there.               
It’ll be all right.                       Yeah, I’m sure                 you’ll feel better       
         in the morning.                                 Here.    Have a tissue.                          [tissues flitting]                   [laughing]                        [blowing]                   [Sprint cries out]                 What was that?                      [gasping]                       Ouch! Ouch!          
      Ouch-ouch-ouch-ouch!                  Oh, Sprint!                       Oh, look!             Somebody lost a baby crocodile.             I wonder            
       where his mama is.                     [sighs]             .

Kristen Hawkes: Hunter-Gatherers/Life History and Reproduction – (digital beeps) (lively piano music) – [Narrator] We are the paradoxical ape.
Bipedal, naked, large-brained. Long the master of fire,
tools and language. But still trying to understand ourselves. Aware that death is inevitable, yet filled with optimism. We grow up slowly. We hand down knowledge. We empathize and deceive. We shape the future from
our shared understanding of the past. Carta brings together experts
from diverse disciplines to exchange insights on who
we are and how we got here. An exploration made possible
by the generosity of humans, like you. (intriguing keyboard music) (upbeat music) – So one of the main events
of the last 10 years, is the publication of my
longtime collaborator, Nick Blurton-Jones book, 2016. We've waited for decades. Takes a long time to do
what he did in that book. Theoretically, very thoughtful, well-warranted hypotheses he's testing with demographic data. I recommend it very highly
and one positive review said was positive about the
book and also mentioned "Enlivened by the
photographs of Jim O'Connell" who is also a part of this tripartite long-term collaboration. I'm taking advantage of
some of Jim's photographs in what I'm gonna try to do
in 14 minutes, let's see. So, wow, what are we certain about? You know this is science,
so my ideas have changed about so many things and I expect they'll continue to, but I think we all,
mostly, are fairly certain that we got to be human
long before the Holocene which is the last 10,000 years, long before agriculture,
and that makes the places where we find people living on wild food and solving foraging problems every day, an opportunity to see what
those are and how people do it. And they vary remarkably by
sex, age and local ecology. Both the problems and the solutions. But I can make these generalizations, maybe a few exceptions here and there, but really not very many, globally, where people are foraging. Men tend to prioritize things that come in really big packages, produce really bonanzas but
they're very unpredictable. Women tend to specialize in
things that are very reliable, they come in smaller packages. And kids, they try in a lot
of places to be, and are, very active foragers, but
they're not big enough or strong enough to fully cover their nutritional requirements. It's also true, across all
the examples that we've got, that in a foraging population, actually this is true in
all human populations, that nobody eats all they acquire, or acquires all they eat. The things that men tend to
target go around to everybody, everybody claims a share. They do not go especially to
their own mates and offspring. Women on the other hand, their daily take is what makes sure the
kids get fed every day. And a fourth thing that's true, generally, in well every, all of us, here in this room and people everywhere on
the planet rely on fire and cooking. So, what's likely? Well we are here in a
kind of political economy, an ecology that's different
from what's been going on over the history of human evolution. And the Holocene especially
is really different from the Pleistocene. So the Holocene is this last 10,000 years, when we get this real
equilibration in climate. But even where we're looking at It's only us moderns that
are left on the planet. But even where people
are part time foragers, or where they're using
motor vehicles or firearms or metal pots and pans, all
things that are very recent. Even there, we can learn enormous
things by paying attention to the trade offs they face. So these illustrations
show those Hadza guys who have posed for their
picture on a giraffe, it may look like this was group foraging. But the way these guys do
it is one hunter at a time, but if it's an animal that's well struck, others then join in the tracking and everybody comes to the kill, and these guys have posed on this giraffe. But there they are using
these projectile weapons which archeologists tell us weren't around until the Upper Paleolithic. So this is a kind of
technology we can't take deeply into the past. They put metal tips on their arrows. That's a Hadza great-grandmother there, she's using a metal pot for
the thing that her grandchild is waiting for dinner. And then so these middle
photographs are from Australia. The Alyawarra in the
center part and the Martu in the western desert, and these guys are using
firearms and motor vehicles and yet we can learn from
the trade offs they face. And then finally this Ache woman, so these are foragers in eastern Paraguay, there she is using a steel-headed ax. Nevertheless, we can, by paying attention to
the problems people face and how they solve them What we see is that the trade
offs that they have to solve, social trade offs, gastric trade offs, that are ultimately reproductive, can account for the kind
of variation that we see. So what would we like to know? Well we know something about
the trade offs that we can see where we can actually
watch people facing them. What were the trade offs for our ancestors and our collaterals? Not enough time to go into these, well maybe I have to a little bit. So this, we've seen figures
that show some of this, what the map is showing there. The yellow is showing
Homo erectus getting out, right after our genus appears,
it gets out of Africa, into the temperate and tropical old world where there had not been hominines before. Then the neanderthals,
they're kind of covering up some of the Homo erectus space, and they are, outside of Africa. And then the lineage that gave
us almost all of our genes, gets out of Africa maybe
only 50,000 years ago, whoo to Australia, to Europe, and then populations stay very low. So one of the things that
Nick spends a lot of time on in this book is what he calls The Forager Population Paradox. Wherever we see people
hunting and gathering, where people do good
demography, and that ain't easy to really create believable life tables, populations are always growing. And they can't be always growing, otherwise we'd be up to
the moon in elephants, as Darwin reminded us. Even at the lowest level
of population growth, we see if you had Starting with 100 people
and populations were growing at a quarter of a percent
a year, in 10,000 years, there would be 7 trillion people. That's three orders of magnitude more than we've already got. So, why did populations
stay so low so long? And then there were
places where they didn't, and there was spreading, boy would we like to know
how to account for that. So what do we do? Now well first of all, one
of the important things about our Hadza project was, O'Connell being an archeologist was really paying attention to
the archeological reflection of the behavior that we're looking at. And more attention to that. How the sort of behavior
we see is reflected in the archeological record. You can't just dig it up
and let it talk to you, you need to have a way to
go at that relationship and especially for questions
about fire and cooking. And of course more paleoecology
so we can really understand what the opportunities
and constraints are, including fire, spreading grasslands meant
more landscape fires and so on. And maybe I should skip this, I was asking Anne if this
is possible, (laughs) can the population geneticist maybe, as we get more data and
more into DNA, can they The favored hypothesis for people who confront this forager
population paradox and who've tried to model it, is that populations grow,
but then they crash. They crash and they go locally extinct. Well can the Is there any way that we can get something out of the population genetics about that? Maybe not. So now I'm turning to life
history and reproduction. Very related, here,
that we've talked about how actually chimpanzees are closer to us than they are to gorillas. So our closest lineage, living,
is chimpanzees and bonobos. But our life histories are different in these fascinating ways which, my favorite hypothesis is what underlies so many other things about us. Much greater longevity. In hunting and gathering,
mortality regimes, a third of the adult female
years lived are post-fertile. So what is that about? Maturation takes longer. But weaning is earlier. So both birth intervals are way shorter, and if we do all the allometries properly, they're really short. I'm gonna try to get at that. But here are three figures to
illustrate this life history. We're just looking at the female part of the population pyramid for three different hunter
gatherer populations. I can't say very much about
them, there isn't time. But the orange bars are
the girls who are not haven't had their first kid yet, the green bars are the women
in their childbearing years, and then the golden years above, right. And what the length of the
bars, the width of the bars, is the fraction of the female
population in those ages. But what I wanna underline
is that life expectancy in all these cases is well less than 40, but the reason for that is
because of all the infant and juvenile mortality. All the little short lives
that go into that average. And if, in any of these
populations, you made it through to adulthood, chances are so good that you will live well
beyond your fertility. So, what is likely? Well, since I'm the one who's talkin', I'm gonna tell you what I
think is most likely. (laughs) And actually I think some
people would be prepared to agree with this. Genus Homo evolved in Africa
as these climate cycles were reducing the forest
and spreading savannas, much more seasonal
environments, landscape fires in these savannas. But the kinds of plants
that do well in savannas are really different than
the things that do well in, my heavens, in forests. And to take these resources, size and strength really matter. So little kids, they try, so
these are Hadza photographs. Little kids try but they're
just not strong enough. Versus great ape foods,
where if you're a chimpanzee, wow, you are nursing and your
mom is carrying you along. You are also acquiring your own food. Within the first year,
we know from the isotopes that those kids are feeding
themselves a part of their diet before they're even weaned. And see how the life
history looks different? In the case of humans, what we've got is this
extended slower aging, extended longevity, it
goes with that story. Hence this hypothesis that what happened was the subsidies that
came from the older females shortened the birth spacing
for their fertile daughters, more descendants, that
kind of longevity increased in future generations. And we can't go back and look! So mathematical modeling
is a way to get at this. And this is a recent version of modeling, Peter Kim at Sydney University. What you see on the panel
on the left is showing, with this age and base model, the equilibrium if you
have chimpanzee-like, great ape-like, life history and longevity stays essentially the same, as does the end of female fertility. Once the few older females, that actually are coming to
the end of their fertility, once we allow in the model, allow them to subsidize
the dependent juveniles, then what happens is If the simulations escape
the basin of attraction, they move to the human-like longevity, but they keep female fertility stuck there at the same place because it's the grandmother
effect that does it. And what happens is, this has
a huge effect on the boys. So I'm not gonna have time to
talk about all these things, but I was showing just the
female side of the life history, now using the same sources,
I've included the males. And what happens when
this life history change, with female fertility ending
at the same place happens and longevity increases in our lineage, is we get all these old fertile males. All these old guys, way more
fertile males than females. Across all kinds of animals,
including even invertebrates. When you have male bias sex
ratios in the mating ages, mate guarding comes to
be the winning strategy. And in our lineage, what's
so especially important is that, now we've got
all those old males, what the other guys think
of you is really important. Whether you can claim a
mate and hang onto her, and their respect really
matters, hence these bonanzas, so goes the hypothesis. Well, there is more to say about brains, but the set of things that fit
together here is astonishing. And I pass on to Alyssa to
add some stuff about kids that I would have talked about
if I'd been more organized. (audience laughs and applauds) (upbeat music) .

There's Gotta Be A Better Way | Enchantimals: Tales From Everwilde | Episode 1 –  It’s a great day to make pies!              Ooh! Pie!               [gasps] Look. Num-num-num!           I can feel it from       
   the tips of my ears… Ah!                …to the           
       bottoms of my toes.                 Those peaches               are ready to be picked     
        and put in a pie               for all our friends.               Pie… Pie, pie!                   Oh! [grunts]               Get those peaches, Twist!       [Twist grunts and whimpers]               [grunts]                          [sighs]                        Let me try.                         [bop]                       [leaves rustle]                 [groaning] Oh…                Good thing you come      
  with a little extra padding.            Yup! [giggling]             Hmm… there’s got to be    
          a better way.                       [ding!]                         Twist…            
   we’d better get inventing.     I’m going to make what’s great 
  about bouncing even better–                    Hee-hee!            …With my new invention,       the Big Bunny Bouncy-Bouncy  
        Bigifier-Thingie!                      Huh?                     Mm. Okay, maybe just      
  "Bounce Bigifier" for short.             Are you ready          to get hopping?                                Yeah.                   Uh… what’s this for?      When you fly                    
up into the tree,                grab as many                    
peaches as you can.                              Got it!          Good luck!                                     Whee!                          [giggles]                          Fun.                          Whee! Whoo!                    Whee! Ah-ha-ha!                    Ooh! Yeah!                          Ooh!                           Peaches!                           Whoo!                           Whoo…                            Ha!                        Whee! [giggles]                       Yeah!                           [thud]                            Mmph!                           Uh-oh.                             Oh!                        Oh, no! Twist!         
             [gasps]                            Oh!                    I’ll enchanta-save you!                   Agh!                             Uh…                            Whoa!                          [whoosh]                          [boing]                              [giggling] Wow!           That was fun!                       Hmm…                           [ding!]                           Hmm?                   That Bounce-Bigifier made   
what’s so great about us bunnies           even greater,                   which means…                we can make something     
 that makes everything greater.          What do you say?                       Yeah!                Come on!                                Mm! [chomping]                [humming cheerfully]              [exhaling dreamily]      
             Pie…                      [whimpers] Oh…                  [timer ticking]         I’m gonna need                  
a wiznot with the banger!        Thanks, Twist!                              Pie, pie…          
          pie-pie-pie!                 And a climp-clompette     
         in the zapper!          Oh! You’re                      
the best, Twist.                       [grunting anxiously]                     [???]                           [ding!]                           Pie!                     [hydraulics whirring]           [inhales deeply, sighs]    
             Ahh….             [gasps]                          I’ve done it                    
again!                                      This is it!            My Super-Duper Enchanta-Maker!        Ahh… What’s it do?       I’ll show you.                  
Just watch.                      A regular enchantment           
would do this to the pie…      But… with the                 
Enchanta-Maker,                  look what we can do.             [power whirs and whooshes]       Now, that’s a pie!                                      Ohh!               Huh… I wonder        
    what else we can bigify.           [sighs] Nothing like      
     a little rock-climbing              in the afternoon.                   [grunting]              Uh, Felicity? A little help!              Of course!                                  Thanks!    Hey, Felicity!                   Can we help, too?                     I have a new invention     
    that’ll help you guys get    to the top                      
of the cliff faster.                   [quietly, together]:      
             Uh-oh.              Uh, that’s okay!                 [laughs nervously]                     Uh, we like climbing.          That’s why we’re here…    
       you know, to climb.             But, you want to get      
       to the top, right?                -[power whirring]       
          -Yeah, but…                   …We can do it        
           ourselves!                    [both panicking]                   Sorry, what?                        I said,                  we can do it ourselves!            [overlapping]: Ahh!                  Now I know           
      how a kite must feel.                   Sorry!             
   Let us pull you back down!    Uh, no, thanks.                  Hanging around is               
a-okay with us, really.          We’re not even                  
that dizzy.                      [grumbles] Mm.                   I might need to make            
a few adjustments                before I try it                 
out again.                                      These flowers    
               are going to make                  some great     
                 perfume, Caper.
             Uh-oh!                            Huh?                        Sneeze attack!                     Ah– Ah…                        …choo!                         [laughs]                         [giggles]              [voices carrying, indistinct]  [gasps] That sounds             
like Bree and Twist.             Prank alert!                     [Bree]: Sage!                                 Caper!                           I have something   
             I want to show you!            -Surprise!           
              -Ah!                          [laughing]                      Funny, guys.                 Now, who wants to see               my Super-Duper         
         Enchanta-Maker?                     It makes            
    a regular enchantment…            uh… super-duper!                      Uh…                         we’ll pass!                         What?                              It’s just, uh…                  well, we know  
                 what can happen                 when you have   
                a new invention.   Well, this one is different.         This is going to make                everything in         
   Wonder-Wood Forest easier.               Just watch.               [whirring and whooshing]     [gasps] Awesome!                 Those are some of               
my best-smelling roses.          Oh, these’ll make               
some amazing perfume.            [sniffs] Oh…                      Wait!                        
   Not so awesome!                   Can you stop that thing?                 Uh, stop?                          Ah! We’re trapped!               Help!              Uh, Twist?                      
A little help?                         Shears! This’ll work.      Ah. There’s too much oomph      
in the widget wheel.             Drill-zapper.                                            Here.               [whirring]                     [sighs] Ahh….         Nothing like                    
a day of beauty.                                   Uh-huh!                       [exhales happily] Patter! Flap!                           Wanna see my latest      
       updated invention?        Uh, you know                    
we, um, love                     your inventions,                
but we, um…                    we have to… uh…              wash off our face masks         
and feather conditioner.                Oh, that’s perfect.      
   I can help you wash it off!              It’s okay.           
          Uh-uh. Uh-uh!                   Hit it, Twist.              [whirring and whooshing]        Uh-oh.                                     [pow!]                           Oh, no!                           -Ah!              
        -[both groaning]                 Oops.                          Oh! This was supposed     
    to be our day of beauty,     not our day of muddy,           
puddly wetness.                     Back to the drawing board.                      [chuckles]            [ladybug chittering      
          indistinctly]          Mm-hmm, yeah.                   
Oh, I understand.                But don’t worry your            
little polka-dotted self.        I’m here to help.                          [sighs sadly]         
          Hi, Danessa.           Oh. Hey, Bree.                            I’m not having         
        a very good day.         I’d love to help,                but you’ll have                 
to get in line                   ’cause there’s                  
a lost ladybug here              that needs help                 
finding her family.                               [gasps] I can  
                 help with that!      I’ll use my Super-Duper    
         Enchanta-Maker                to make my bug-finder     
   enchantment work overtime.            Here we go again!                     This can’t be good.  [whoosh-whoosh-whoosh-whoosh!]            [pow-pow-pow]                               Yeah, yeah,
                     yeah!                    Oh, my.                         [buzzing]                 You hear that? Ah. Ah!                  [gasping]                              Ladybug swarm!
                  Ladybug swarm! Ah! Ladybugs.                                           Ladybugs!       Ah! Run, Twist! Run!               [exhausted sigh]            I shouldn’t invent anything  
           ever again.                                [Twist]:   
                     [gasps] Ah!        [groans dejectedly]      
              Oh…                                      Pie?     Not even ginormous pie          
can cheer me up today.                   [doorbell rings]                    Hey, Bree.                         I know.                       My invention          
         was a failure.                    Are you here          
        to get apologies?                              Oops.      Not at all.                      It’s our best-smelling          
batch of perfume ever.                      [spritzing]                  Mm… smells nice.        And that’s all                                   thanks to your  
                making our roses               all big and crazy.          So you actually        
       liked my invention?       And we had so much fun          
flying like kites,               we wanted                       
to remember it forever.                         Yeah, see?                      Whee!              Yeah. Who knew                  
rain and mud make                          the best mask         
      and conditioner ever?      And the ladybug family          
had a beautiful reunion,         thanks to you.                       [ladybugs, overlapping]:    
Thank you. Thank you! Thank you!             Any time.                 So, I guess this means             my invention wasn’t      
      a disaster after all.      Well…                          …it’s just                    
that it’s probably               not a good idea                 
to supersize                     any more                        
enchantments.                        We’re so lucky we can do    
enchantments in the first place,      we don’t want to upset     
     the balance of nature.                         That’s right.           Hmm. I guess          
       you guys are right.                   [Twist]:            
      ? Look what I got! ?               [heavenly choir]:       
             ? Ahh ?                           [???]                         Giant pie!                          Mm…                       Except for pie.               Pie is totally okay.             [excited chattering,      
          overlapping]           When we’re all done,                       I’ll show you         
     my other new invention.        It’s called the "Flawless-   
     Forest-Sweepingnator."             [record scratches]                      Uh…                                        Uh-uh.               Huh.                       Guess they didn’t       
         like that one.                     Oh, well…                    [overlapping]:         
        More pie for us!                    [giggling]            .