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How is an autobiography, such as A White House Diary, different from a biography?

source : jiskha.com

How is an autobiography, such as A White House Diary, different from a biography?

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How is an autobiography, such as A White House Diary, different from a biography?

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Shaunta Davis

Mar 16, 2013

Biography - Non-fiction text types - OCR - GCSE English Language...

Biography – Non-fiction text types – OCR – GCSE English Language… – Biography and autobiography might focus on a specific part of someone's life and experiences. A biography is usually written both to inform and to This means it is a mix of factual information and creative writing. Often biographies are of famous people, eg singers, models or sports personalities.What will make an autobiographical essay stand out are the essential topics. Those which will make it unique among the rest, sorting out the most significant events in one's life and writing about them are difficult. There is an abundance of experiences to choose from.Biography: The story of a person's life written by someone other than the subject of the work. Assign one short biography for each student or group of students to read. Ask students to make notes Read aloud a short autobiography or an excerpt from a longer autobiography, such as Knots in My…

40 Autobiography Examples ( + Autobiographical Essay Templates) – What is an author's purpose in writing a biography? asked Dec 18, 2019 in Important Questions by gaurav96 Expert (24.3k points). Who lived in the white areas in cities such as Madras? asked Jan 29, 2018 in Class VIII Social Science by what type of writing is most similar to an autobiography.If possible, end your biography with a revelation or an honest sentiment about the uniqueness of your subject – something that has universal appeal or relevance The following passage is an example of an appropriately thoughtful ending for the life story of an "average" person who never achieved great…Types of Biographies. There are three different types: Autobiography – narrative of someone's life or particular experience, written by that person in first person. Now you know what is an autobiography and how to write essay. If all this still sounds difficult, contact Edubirdie's professional bio writers.

40 Autobiography Examples ( + Autobiographical Essay Templates)

Exploring Elements of Biography and Autobiography – SAS – An autobiography is "self written" book about your life experiences. Whereas a biography is written by someone else.Academic Literacy Autobiography. As a young child, I was always aware of books and the difference between books for children and books for adults. I would not say that I grew up in a family of devout readers, but I did grow up in a family of individuals who appreciated the value of books.Tips for writing a Biography. 98 273 просмотра 98 тыс. просмотров. A biography is a record of one's life. It is written in order to know what are the incidents and events that make up a person's life.

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What Actually Happened When Slaves Were Freed – American schoolchildren
are taught that slaves in
Confederate states were freed when
Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation
on September 22, 1862.
While true, the reality of
actually freeing those slaves was far more complicated. Today, we're going
to take a look at what actually happened
on plantations when the slaves were freed. But before we get started,
be sure to subscribe to the "Weird History" channel. After that, please
leave a comment and let us know
what other topics you would like to hear about. OK, so let's head back to
the days after the Civil War. You would think
that, once freed, the slaves would get
off the plantations as fast as humanly possible. But in his autobiography,
Booker T. Washington mentioned that many ex-slaves,
especially older ones, decided to stay. Although free, these
ex-slaves typically made deals with her former
masters to work for pay. According to
Washington, one by one, the older slaves began to
wander from the slave quarters back to the big house to
have a whispered conversation with their former
owners as to the future. Thomas Rutling was only nine
when he and his fellow slaves learned of their emancipation. He thought freedom would
mean his family would now live a life like
their former master. But instead, the family chose
to stay on the plantation another two years. Rutling, along with
his brother and sister, finally left the
plantation in 1865. They went to live with
a family in Nashville. He later attended the
Fisk Freed Colored School, which eventually
became Fisk University. In her 1909 book, Memories
of Childhood Slavery Days, ex-slave Annie L. Burton
wrote of her own experiences with emancipation. Annie recalled that when
the news reached the Alabama plantation she worked
on, every slave who wasn't feeble or
sickly left immediately. Some of these younger,
healthier ex-slaves even immediately
join the Union Army. However, because their
mother had run away, Annie and her younger
sister stayed behind under the care of
their mistress. This may not have been the act
of charity it appears to be. This same mistress tried to talk
her husband into not telling the slaves about their
freedom and then made the feeble and sickly slaves who
remained on the plantation work the fields. After the crops were planted,
some plantation owners asked their ex-slaves
to sign contracts guaranteeing they would work
the crops until January. They would then be divided at
the fall harvest for payment. Such a deal is mentioned in
the Reverend Irving E. Lowery's 1911 book Life on the Old
Plantation in Antebellum Days, or, A Story Based on Facts. Lowery said his ex-master tried
to convince the slaves to sign the deals by making a long
speech in which he reminded them that he wasn't a bad guy. The plantation owner
pointed out that he never put an overseer over them,
never employed bloodhounds, and never separated a
mother from her child, nor a husband from his wife. He also told them that
they were welcome to stay on his plantation as
long as they'd like and that any mistreatment
they had experienced off the plantation was their
own fault and not his. Although that argument
might sound meager to us, all but one ex-slave
signed the contract. Charles Hays owned a
plantation 16 miles north of Louisville, Kentucky. Like many slave
owners, Hays at first chose not to tell his slaves
about emancipation at all. However, after a few
days, he relented out of fear of being arrested. According to ex-slave Harry
Smith in his 1891 book, 50 Years of Slavery in the
United States of America, Hays broke the news by saying,
"I am about to tell you something I never expected to be
obliged to tell you in my life. It is this. One and all, woman, men, and
children belonging to me, you are free to go
where you please." Smith also noted that,
at the same time, Hays was cursing Lincoln's
name and exclaiming that if Lincoln were
there, he'd kill him for taking his slaves away. However, after Hays
cooled down, he gave the entire plantation
access to his whiskey stash and threw what sounds like
a pretty decent party. It was described
as a great Jubilee in which the ex-master
and all the ex-slaves got drunk together. Smith recalls that everyone
was cheering Abraham Lincoln, but Hays was way
too drunk to notice. By nightfall, the revelers
had broken into song and dance and kept it up until morning. According to the Civil War
diary of James T. Ayres, Charles Hays was far from
being the only master who tried to hide the news of
emancipation from his slaves. Ayres was a Union recruiter
who went into the South to enlist newly freed
men into the Union Army. Things being as
they were, he also often found himself
as the person to inform the slaves that
they were, in fact, now free. In his diary entry
for May 7, 1864, Ayres recorded spreading
the word about emancipation to a group of four ex-slaves on
a plantation near Huntsville, Alabama. He accomplished
this by showing them a broadside that featured
an illustration of freed slaves on one side and
a two-sentence version of the Emancipation
Proclamation on the other. Ayres states the four
men agreed to enlist, so he told them to
gather the things, and he promised he
would protect them. When they were confronted
by their ex-master, Ayres drew his revolver,
and sounding much like a hero in an action
movie, calmly told the man, "I shall not hurt a hair of
your head, sir, if you be quiet. But I have come for your slaves,
and your slaves I'll have." It is believed that
Ayres recruited hundreds of black soldiers
to the Union cause and spread the word
of emancipation to thousands before his
death in September of 1865. According to his
1901 autobiography, Up From Slavery, the first
day of freedom at the Virginia plantation where Booker
T. Washington was born started with a simple,
solemn meeting. The meeting was then followed
by a reading of the Emancipation Proclamation by a
government official, and the news was initially
quite well received by the now-former slaves. Washington recalled that
the master's entire family had gathered on the
veranda of the house. He got the impression
that they were sad, not because of the
loss of property, but rather because they
were, in many ways, very close to some of the
ex-slaves who would now be leaving. He recalled his mother kissing
her children while tears of joy ran down her cheeks. According to Washington,
for some minutes, there was great rejoicing and
thanksgiving and wild scenes of ecstasy, but there was
no feeling of bitterness. In fact, there was
pity among the slaves for our former owners. Once the initial joy passed,
however, many of the ex-slaves began to feel anxiety over
what freedom would really mean. Washington observed, "The
great responsibility of being free, of having
charge of themselves, of having to think and
plan for themselves and their children seemed
to take possession of them." He noted that some of the
slaves were a 70 or 80 years old and had no strength with
which to earn a living. According to 1908's
generously titled Memoirs of Samuel Spottford Clement– Relating Interesting Experiences
in Days of Slavery and Freedom, Clement's ex-master,
Tasswood Ward, informed him and
the other slaves on Ward's plantation
of their freedom by reading to them
from the newspaper. Spottford offered recall that
when Mr. and Mrs. Ward came out of the house, he was holding a
newspaper and she was crying. They walked to the
front of the steps and he said, "Men
and women, you are as free as the birds
that fly in the air." Ward then raised the
paper and read from it. He informed the slaves that
Lee had surrendered to Grant and the Southern
Confederacy was at an end. He then offered to
pay them and to stay and help reap the crops. The offer was accepted
by all but one man. Known only as Uncle
Fendel, the man was concerned that the rebels
might pick up the fight again and revoke their freedom. There's somebody who's been
around a block once or twice. Thomas Almond Ashby
was 17 years old when he watched his father inform
the family slaves on their Front Royal, Virginia plantation
that they were all now free. In his 1914 memoir, The
Valley Campaigns, Ashby recalled that his
father told the slaves that he had no further
control over them and that in the future, he would
pay them for their services based on wage rates
established by the community. He told them that if they
wished to stay in his employ, they could do so as
long as they desired, but that if any of them
wished to seek out a new home, he wouldn't try to stop
them from making a change. The elder Ashby further
assured the now-freed people that he had nothing
but a friendly desire to see them do
well and be happy. He also warned them of
the altered conditions that freedom would bring, and
he urged them to cultivate habits of thrift and industry. He believed hard work would
make them useful citizens and earn them
self-respect, which is some pretty ironic advice
coming from a slave owner. According to Ashby,
it took several years before all of the ex-slaves had
finally left the plantation. One, a woman known
only as Aunt Susan, seemed to take Ashby's
advice about thrift to heart. After saving up
three-years' worth of money she earned taking in the
wash and doing light work, she was actually able to buy a
neat little house in the city. Juneteenth, also known as
Emancipation Day or Freedom Day, is an official holiday
in the state of Texas and an unofficial
American holiday that commemorates June 19, 1865. On that date, Union
General Gordon Granger read from the
federal proclamation that slavery was over
in the state of Texas. While the Emancipation
Proclamation had ended slavery
and the Confederacy more than two years earlier,
it took some time for the news to reach all parts of
the war-torn states. Granger's proclamation
guaranteed absolute equality of personal rights and rights of
property between former masters and slaves. It also declared that the
connection between master and slave was
officially replaced by that between employer
and hired labor. During the late 19th
century, Juneteenth was primarily celebrated
by the Black community. However, the Civil rights
movement of the 1950s and '60s led to a renewed interest in
the holiday at a wider level. In January of 1980, it
became an official holiday in the state of Texas. And in the 21 century, it has
become a widely recognized day to celebrate Black
historical achievements and encourage respect and
pride in all cultures. So what do you think? How fast or slow do you
think that change was? Let us know in the
comments below. And while you're
at it, check out some of these other videos
from our "Weird History." [MUSIC PLAYING] .

Jimmy Carter Biography – In 1976, Jimmy Carter was elected President
of the United States.
What did Carter do before he became president? How is his presidency remembered today? Jimmy Carter was born in Plains, Georgia,
on October 1st, 1924. He was the oldest of what would eventually
be four children born to Earl and Lillian Carter. Jimmy’s father was a farmer who also ran
a general store, and his mother worked as a nurse. During his high school years, Jimmy was active
in Future Farmers of America (FFA) and played on the basketball team. After high school, Jimmy enrolled at Georgia
Southwestern College, which he attended for one year, before transferring to Georgia Tech. In 1943, he was accepted into the Naval Academy. He graduated from the Naval Academy in 1946
and actively served in the United States Navy until 1953. Following his father’s death in 1953, Jimmy
returned home with the intention of making the family peanut farm a success. Throughout the 1950s, Jimmy and his wife,
Rosalynn, made the business prosperous. In 1962, Carter announced that he was running
for a seat in the Georgia State Senate. He lost this election, but it was revealed
that the winner had committed voter fraud. This discovery resulted in a special election,
which Carter won. Carter ran for governor of Georgia in 1966. He lost this election, but his strong performance
paved the way for a second run to be the state’s governor. In 1970, Carter faced strong opposition for
the Democratic nomination, but he managed to fend off a challenge from former governor
Carl Sanders. Carter became the Democratic nominee, and
he went on to win the general election against his Republican opponent, Hal Suit. Carter was sworn in as Georgia’s 76th governor
in January of 1971. As the 1976 presidential election approached,
Jimmy Carter set his sights on the nation’s highest office. Initially, he was given little chance of earning
the Democratic nomination. However, as the primaries progressed, Carter
visited 37 states and traveled more than 50,000 miles to reach out to voters, and he eventually
emerged as the Democratic nominee. In the 1976 presidential election, Carter
squared off against Gerald Ford, the Republican candidate who was the sitting president. During the campaign, Carter argued that the
nation needed change after the turbulent years of the Watergate scandal and the conclusion
of the Vietnam Conflict. The election proved close, with Carter receiving
297 electoral votes and Ford receiving 240. He also won 50.1% of the popular vote compared
to Ford’s 48%. With this victory, Carter became the 39th
President of the United States. Carter had several successes as president. He negotiated a peace treaty between Israel
and Egypt, known as the Camp David Accords, and he also signed SALT II, a nuclear arms
reduction treaty with the Soviet Union. He also visited twenty-five different nations
during his four years as president. However, his presidency was plagued by economic
hardships, as well as an energy crisis and oil embargo (which created a severe shortage
in gasoline). Carter also made the controversial decision
to sign an executive order which gave amnesty to all war protesters who had evaded the draft
during the Vietnam Conflict. Most significantly though, the final year
of his presidency was scarred by an event remembered as the Iranian Hostage Crisis. On November 4th, 1979, fifty-two Americans
were taken hostage in Iran. These hostages were held throughout the year
of 1980. They were held for a total of 444 days before
being released on January 20th, 1981, the very day that Carter left office. The American public held Carter responsible
for the hostage situation. This situation, coupled with the struggling
economic conditions, doomed Carter’s presidency. As a result, his efforts to win re-election
in 1980 fell short. Carter was soundly defeated by his Republican
opponent, Ronald Reagan. After leaving office, Jimmy Carter remained
extremely active. He established the Carter Center in 1982. This is a foundation which is concerned with
alleviating human suffering and advancing human rights. Working in conjunction with Habitat for Humanity,
Jimmy and Rosalyn Carter helped to organize more than 92,000 volunteers who have built,
renovated, or repaired more than 4,000 homes for the needy in 14 separate countries. The Carters, even well into their late eighties,
served as some of the most active hands-on construction volunteers working as part of
the project. Additionally, he acted as a peace ambassador
on behalf of the US in various countries around the world, including North Korea, Egypt, Tunisia,
Cuba, Vietnam, Israel, and South Africa. In 2002, Carter was awarded the Nobel Peace
Prize for his efforts to advance democracy and human rights around the world. He also proved very prolific as an author,
publishing twenty-one books throughout his life. President Carter has been recognized in a
number of ways. In 1986, the Jimmy Carter Library and Museum
was opened, which serves as his presidential library. He has also had a submarine and an airport
named in his honor. .

The Tragic Real-Life Story Of Marcia Brady – Maureen McCormick is best known for playing
the popular and insanely beautiful Marcia Brady on the hit television show The Brady
Bunch.
She lived out her formative years in front
of millions of television viewers, playing Marcia from the time she was 12 until she
was 17. When the show came to an end in 1974, McCormick
reprised her role in the spinoff series and made-for-TV movies that followed, but through
it all, no one knew that her real life was snowballing out of control behind the scenes. Here is the tragic real-life story of Maureen
McCormick. Alleged abuse Growing up as the youngest of four kids, McCormick
suffered from anxiety due to her tumultuous family life. In a piece written for Newsweek, the child
star revealed: "In the early '70s, my older brother was battling
a heroin addiction and my father was having an affair, both of which devastated my family." According to the actress' memoir, Here's the
Story: Surviving Marcia Brady And Finding My True Voice, her father had also been abusive. Her real life was obviously in direct contrast
to her TV life, and that caused McCormick to feel like she was hiding a deep dark secret. She wrote, "As a teenager, I had no idea that few people
are everything they present to the outside world. Yet there I was, hiding the reality of my
life behind the unreal perfection of Marcia Brady." Fear of infection Speaking with the Today show, McCormick revealed
that her grandmother had gone insane and later passed away in a mental hospital from syphilis. Her mother had also contracted the STD while
in utero. "I thought that I had syphilis and that I
was gonna die in a mental institution too." While detailing her life story to Newsweek,
the actress said the mere thought of contracting the highly contagious infection helped her
in an usual way while filming The Brady Bunch. She explained, "When I was doing those crying scenes in the
show, that's what I was thinking about." Marcia and Jan McCormick told the Today show that behind
the scenes, she and Eve Plumb, who played Jan Brady, were actually best friends. Sadly, that all changed when McCormick appeared
on a late-night talk show called Vibe and revealed she had shared a kiss with Plumb
— on the cheek — and Plumb was reportedly ticked off. McCormick told Today, "I was having fun, something I was joking
with, and [Eve] didn't take it that way." When asked if there was any chance for a reconciliation,
McCormick replied, "I've reached out to her. I called her for years and would never get
a phone call back. Finally, after doing that for so long, I thought,
she'll call me when she wants to, and hopefully she will." Overcoming addiction In her memoir, McCormick opened up about battling
addiction several years after The Brady Bunch came to an end. She told People magazine, "I got into it through a boyfriend, who was
friends with people who did stuff. I have a very addictive personality. I know that now." The actress said she soon watched in horror
as her vice tore apart those closest to her. "Well, I remember my father saying that he
was going to turn me into the police." In the end, McCormick went to therapy and
relied on her faith to guide her down a path toward sobriety. Bulimia battle Speaking with People magazine, McCormick recalled
her 10-year battle with bulimia, which started after she enrolled into a public high school
at the age of 17. She revealed, "I was with some girls, we had a gallon of
ice cream, and someone mentioned how we could eat it all and not gain weight. It seemed ideal. Once I started [purging], it was hard to stop." It didn't help that she was required to wear
bathing suits for guest appearances on The Love Boat and Fantasy Island, which she claims
made her especially self-conscious. McCormick finally decided it was time to face
her eating disorder by competing on Celebrity Fit Club. She ended up winning the competition and losing
38 pounds in a healthy way. Dark depression McCormick kicked her severe habit after marrying
her husband in 1985, but the side effects of her substance use threatened to claim her
life. The actress stated in her autobiography that
the lingering anxiety and paranoia wreaked havoc on her life and marriage. She wrote, "I walked out on the balcony and screamed
that I was going to jump. I desperately wanted relief and I saw it down
below on the pavement." It took a depression diagnosis and a prescription
for antidepressants to help her life do a complete 180. Destroying a career Back in her days of using stuff, McCormick
reportedly stayed awake for several days while on a binge and blew her audition for Steven
Spielberg's Raiders of the Lost Ark, according to her memoir. "I destroyed certain jobs, there were some
where I was really high and it was bad. It was really bad." Even while filming the The Brady Brides, the
actress' substance use was taking control of her life. She told Newsweek, "I was supposed to be at
Paramount Studios film-testing one of my husbands. But where was I? Locked up in my apartment, doing stuff and
playing solitaire in my closet." These days, she's committed to inspiring those
who may face the same battles she dealt with. She told ET, "So many people today are still
just incredibly embarrassed about talking about it as if it's a weakness […] That's
what we're all here for on this Earth, right? To help each other and to talk about our experiences
because that's how we all heal and get better." Well said! Thanks for watching! Click the Nicki Swift icon to subscribe to
our YouTube channel. Plus check out all this cool stuff we know
you'll love, too! .