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ideas of order and harmony were promoted
A: Ideas of order and harmony were promoted in Neoclassical art.
The Enlightenment spirit of the 18th century valued the order and harmony seen in Greek and Roman culture and sought to emulate it. As one art historian, writing The Art Post Blog, has stated, the idea spread that “Greek and Roman artistic perfection was the only form to imitate, in order to give an image of beauty and harmony.”
As to the other answer options:
Enlightenment thinkers followed a variety of religious patterns, but not typically polytheism. Deism and rational religion were popular approaches to religion by “enlightened” persons, and some even chose atheism.
Enlightenment philosophers championed the ideas of humanism and individual rights.
The Baroque style of art did not disappear as soon as Neoclassicism appeared. Baroque styles continued throughout the 18th century and evolved also into the Rococo style.
Cosmopolitanism (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) – Richter, Daniel S., 2011, Cosmopolis: Imagining Community in Late Classical Athens and the Early Roman Empire, Oxford: Oxford University Press. Schlereth, Thomas J., 1977, The Cosmopolitan Ideal in Enlightenment Thought: Its Form and Function in the Ideas of Franklin, Hume, and Voltaire, 1694-1790, Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press.Humanists improved Greek and Roman ideas by teaching methods of observation and experimentation like the Greek and Romans taught, they proposed new ideas about stars and planets, students studied human anatomy, poets wrote about religious subjects and everyday experiences, writers produced works of history and studies of politics.The Enlightenment spirit of the 18th century valued the order and harmony seen in Greek and Roman culture and sought to emulate it. As one art historian, writing The Art Post Blog, has stated, the idea spread that "Greek and Roman artistic perfection was the only form to imitate, in order to give an image of beauty and harmony."
Chapter 28 History Flashcards | Quizlet – Clear, unbroken lines of influence lead from ancient Greek and Hellenistic philosophers to Roman philosophy, Early Islamic philosophy, Medieval Scholasticism, the European Renaissance and the Age of Enlightenment.This process was hastened by the continuing conflict between the Turks and Constantinople, the last bastion of the ancient Roman empire and the center of Greek learning. In 1453, Constantinople fell to Turkish forces, causing many Greek thinkers to flee to Italy where their presence served to encourage the further development of humanisticThe rebirth of classicism during the Italian Renaissance partially manifested itself in the rediscovery of ancient Latin and Greek texts by authors such as Cicero, Plato and Aristotle. These works became idealized and regarded as an essential part of the cultural enlightenment and intellectualism following the ignorance of the medieval period.
In what way did classical Greek and Roman attitudes become – History of Europe – History of Europe – Greeks, Romans, and barbarians: The main treatment of Classical Greek and Roman history is given in the articles Aegean civilizations; ancient Greek civilization; Hellenistic Age; ancient Italic people; and ancient Rome. Only a brief cultural overview is offered here, outlining the influence of Greeks and Romans on European history.Ancient Greek and Roman philosophy The pre-Socratic philosophers Cosmology and the metaphysics of matter. Because the earliest Greek philosophers focused their attention upon the origin and nature of the physical world, they are often called cosmologists, or naturalists. Although monistic views (which trace the origin of the world to a single substance) prevailed at first, they were soonA Roman, of course, but the Latin voice of the Greek philosopher, Epicurus. Lucretius's 'De Rerum Natura' [On the Nature of Things] was an Enlightenment favourite because, in place of Christian assurances about a problematic life after death, and the grip of age-old fear of death, it denied that death was an evil.