source : nps.gov
The Emergence of the Great Humanitarian (U.S. National Park Service)
Government posters exhorted Americans to economize with food, and to supplement supplies with home and school gardens. National Archives & Records Administration
“Food Will Win the War”
In the spring of 1917, the United States entered the war against Germany. President Woodrow Wilson appointed Hoover to “immediately place in operation his plans for food control in the United States.” From 1917 to 1918 Hoover served as the head of the U.S. Food Administration, a specially created wartime agency of the federal government.
The “Food Dictator”
From his work with the CRB Hoover had become an international hero. Since the start of the war the Allied powers of Great Britain, France, and Italy had turned to the U.S. for food supplies, most notably wheat, which was vital to helping them win the war. But unless Americans substantially reduced their wheat consumption, they would have none left to send to the hard-pressed Allies. From July 1916 to April 1917 the price of food in the U.S. had increased by more than forty percent. Food riots erupted in working-class and immigrant neighborhoods in New York, Philadelphia, and Boston. Opponents of the administration led by Senator Henry Cabot Lodge warned that if President Wilson insisted on placing food control in Hoover’s hands, there would be an even greater revolt in the Senate.
As the head of the U.S. Food Administration, Hoover was often described by members of the American press as a “Food Dictator.” Hoover proposed that the agency should consist of businessmen, not bureaucrats, and that it should be “extinguished” after the war. Throughout his time with the administration Hoover called for patriotism and sacrifices that would increase production and decrease food consumption. The government often declared, “Food will win the war.” The Food Administration under Hoover urged “Meatless Mondays” and “Wheatless Wednesdays” on American families to reduce their consumption of key staples for the sake of the war effort. Propaganda posters proclaimed, “Food is ammunition— don’t waste it,” “Be patriotic, sign your country’s pledge to save the food”, “Eat more corn, oats, and rye products-fish and poultry-fruits, vegetables and potatoes, baked, boiled, and broiled foods”, “Eat less wheat, meat, sugar, and fats to save for the army and our allies.” Hoover later wrote in his memoirs that his job was to ask people to “Go back to simple food, simple clothes, simple pleasures. Pray hard, work hard, sleep hard, and play hard. Do it all courageously and cheerfully.”
Herbert Hoover and the 1930 Drought – Hoover Heads – Wells and streams ran dry, crops failed, and by mid summer, thousands of farm families in the region faced starvation for themselves and their livestock. Hoover, who had won the 1928 Presidential election as "the Great Humanitarian" and "Master of Emergencies," seemed destined for the moment.How did Herbert Hoover earned the nickname the great humanitarian 2 See answers FattyMcHippo FattyMcHippo Choose from this list of presidents: • Theodore Roosevelt • Woodrow Wilson Warren G. Harding Calvin Coolidge • Herbert Hoover • Franklin Delano Roosevelt 3. Use resource Information on World War I to write an essay describingHerbert Clark Hoover (August 10, 1874 – October 20, 1964) was an American politician, businessman, and engineer, who served as the 31st president of the United States from 1929 to 1933. A member of the Republican Party, he held office during the onset of the Great Depression.Before serving as president, Hoover led the Commission for Relief in Belgium, served as the director of the U.S. Food
How did Herbert Hoover earned the nickname the great – However, he was also one of the more accomplished humanitarians of the early 1900's. He participated in a number of projects related to providing food to populations in crisis. In fact, his 1928 campaign film was titled "Herbert Hoover: Master of Emergencies," and was given the nickname "The Great Humanitarian."#1 Herbert Hoover was a world famous humanitarian. At the outbreak of World War I in August 1914, Herbert Hoover spearheaded an effort to ensure the safe return of 120,000 American tourists stranded in Europe.Germany's invasion of Belgium then led Hoover to pool his money, along with several wealthy friends, to organize the Committee for the Relief of Belgium.His humanitarian work in Belgium during WWI and his work with the flood of 1927 earned him the nickname of The Great Humanitarian.
Herbert Hoover – Wikipedia – Hoover's reputation as a humanitarian—earned during and after World War I as he rescued millions of Europeans from starvation —faded from public consciousness when his administration proved unable to alleviate widespread joblessness, homelessness, and hunger in his own country during the early years of the Great Depression.Herbert Hoover earned the nickname "The Great Humanitarian" because he successfully managed the distribution of food to Allied nations throughout World War I. He was largely successful in handing out humanitarian aid in war-time Belgium.In 1946, Hoover visited Poland again to assist in devising a food plan that would help sustain the Polish economy for the next 30 years. During his years of aid to the Poles, Herbert Hoover became a celebrated name in most households. In his years as head of ARA, Hoover and the American people raised 400 thousand tons of foodstuffs for Poland.