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United States aid to Sudan

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United States aid to Sudan has three key objectives: a definitive end to conflict, gross human rights abuses, and genocide in Darfur; implementation of the north-south Comprehensive Peace Agreement that results in a peaceful post-2011 Sudan, or an orderly path toward two separate and viable states at peace with each other; and ensuring that Sudan does not provide a safe haven for international terrorist. Sudan has experienced two civil wars since 1955, the second of which lasted 22 years. During this time, the U.S. was the largest provider of foreign aid to Sudan, largely focused on humanitarian aid through the U.S. Agency for International Development. Sudan is listed as the U.S. government’s highest priority in Africa due to “its importance for counter-terrorism and regional stability, as well as the magnitude of human rights and humanitarian abuses” U.S. foreign aid to Sudan has begun to see some positive indicators of performance although critical reaction has said that aid to Sudan is neither strategic nor focused.

Location of Sudan in Africa

U.S. foreign aid overview

Further information: History of U.S. foreign policy

In 1961 Congress passed the Foreign Assistance Act, which separated the U.S.’s non-military and military foreign assistance programs. As part of the Act, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) was created.[1] This act was passed in the wake of the Marshall Plan, in which the U.S. provided aid to European countries devastated as a result of World War II.[2] President John F. Kennedy supported the creation of USAID based on three tenets:

Current foreign aid programs were ill-equipped to meet the needs of the U.S. and developing countries.
Allowing developing countries’ economies to collapse would be “disastrous to our national security, harmful to our comparative prosperity, and offensive to our conscience.”
The 1960s was considered to be a good time for developed countries to assist developing countries.[1]Current allocation to Sudan

According to the U.S. embassy in Chad, there are three key U.S. strategic objectives in Sudan:

A definitive end to conflict, gross human rights abuses, and genocide in Darfur[3]
Implementation of the north-south CPA that results in a peaceful post-2011 Sudan, or an orderly path toward two separate and viable states at peace with each other[3]
Ensure that Sudan does not provide a safe haven for international terrorists[3]

The bulk of U.S. foreign aid to Sudan should, as a result, pertain to one or more of these objectives. The U.S. also wants to encourage local governments to be more active in assisting its people in reaching these objectives.[4]

As of 2010 the current allocation of U.S. foreign aid from USAID to Sudan is 0,349,319.[5] The U.S. had been involved with foreign aid to Sudan for many years. They gave close to 0 million between 1977–1981 and were Sudan’s largest source of foreign aid by 1984. In the mid-1980s the U.S. provided Sudan with food aid, insecticides, and fertilizers. When Sudan failed to repay loans in 1985, the U.S. ceased all non-food aid. USAID continued to provide humanitarian assistance through 1991.[6] Since 2005 the U.S. government has contributed upwards of  billion in humanitarian aid as food aid, health care provisions, water, sanitation, and hygiene. They have also given money towards nutrition, agriculture, protection, and economic recovery programs.[7] A large portion of this funding is through USAID, which funds solely through bilateral programs rather than pooling efforts within multilateral organizations.[8]

Visual identity of USAID. The logo is on the left and the brand mark on the right.

USAID focuses on six main areas of development in Sudan.

Humanitarian assistance

USAID funds activities which support the CPA, long-term recovery, and a transition to a more peaceful and secure nation. USAID has been active in Darfur since 2004. 7.6 million for water sanitation, hygiene, health, shelter, and infrastructure was provided to Sudanese refugees in eastern Chad in 2009.[5]

Food aid

USAID has been Sudan’s largest food aid donor since 2004. USAID provides an annual  million for a multi-year food aid development program as well as almost 0 million in emergency food aid. Darfur, displaced peoples and returnees, basic services, and food security are USAID’s priorities.[5]

Peace and security

A goal of USAID in Sudan is to build local Sudanese capacity to address the causes and effects of political conflict, violence, and instability. USAID wants to strengthen consensus-building through political processes. Civil and community organizations in Darfur are also supported.[5]

Governing justly and democratically

USAID supports the CPA’s core political processes. It strengthens the systems to meet the needs of citizens and government, as well as developing governmental priorities at multiple levels. In southern Sudan and three other areas, USAID assists with governmental transparency and increasing incomes. It also support elections, consultations, and referenda. A major goal is to promote participation in the civic process, consensus building, and international observation.[5]

Investing in people

USAID focuses on health by supporting mother and child health services and reducing the impact of HIV/AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis, and other infectious diseases. It supports training medical officers to increase access to health care and immunizations. To support education, it trains teachers, improves schools, and encourages parent participation in education. USAID also promotes education for girls.[5]

Economic growth

By improving infrastructure and connections from isolated communities, USAID creates a more favorable environment for market development. Improved land management for areas rich in biodiversity is also a focus.[5]

U.S. policy on conflict mitigation and reconciliation

History of funding for the program
Funding from 2006–2011[9]

In 2005 USAID reported on its Sudanese funding strategy. Sudan is the U.S. government’s highest priority in Africa due to “its importance for counter-terrorism and regional stability, as well as the magnitude of human rights and humanitarian abuses”.[10] This explains the high level of U.S. funding, particularly within the peace and security sector, during the years immediately after the 2005 signing of the CPA in Sudan. The U.S. government’s priority was to assist in the implementation of the agreement,[9] as Sudan’s ability to achieve stability rested primarily on the CPA.[10]

Since 2007, of the 4.71 million of U.S. funding allocated towards conflict mitigation and reconciliation in Sudan, 1.77 million has gone towards the Economic Support Fund. USAID states the following as key objectives for the Economic Support Fund:

Supporting strategically significant friends and allies through assistance designed to increase the role of the private sector in the economy, reduce government controls over markets, enhance job creation, and improve economic growth
Developing and strengthening institutions necessary for sustainable democracy. Typical areas of assistance include technical assistance to administer and monitor elections, capacity building for non-governmental organizations, judicial training, and women’s participation in politics. Assistance is also provided to support the transformation of the public sector to encourage democratic development, including training to improve public administration, promote decentralization, and strengthen local governments, parliaments, independent media and non-governmental organizations.
Strengthening the capacity to manage the human dimension of the transition to democracy and a market economy and to help sustain the neediest sectors of the population during the transition period[11]

One use for these funds is to “assist countries and regions at risk of civil unrest by helping these
countries fight poverty, build democratic institutions to guarantee human rights, and provide basic
services and economic opportunities to their populations.”[12] As Sudan falls under this description for “at-risk states”, the Economic Support Fund will specifically help Sudan implement the CPA and support peace processes in Darfur.

Overall U.S. funding for foreign aid to Sudan has decreased from 4.1 million in 2009 to 7.8 million in 2010, with the department requesting 0.0 million in 2011.[9] Of this funding, the amount allocated towards conflict mitigation and reconciliation in Sudan has fluctuated dramatically in recent years.[9]

U.S. funding for conflict mitigation and reconciliation within Sudan falls under the umbrella of peace and security funding,[9] which is primarily administered by USAID and the United States Department of State. USAID defines its work for peace and security in Sudan in the following way:

“USAID works to strengthen Sudanese capacity to address the causes and consequences of political conflict, violence, and instability. This includes building the capacity of local authorities to deliver peace dividends and enforce the rule of law. USAID also assists existing mechanisms that support consensus-building through key political processes to mitigate potentially catalytic conflicts. In Darfur, USAID supports civil society and community organizations in early recovery and peace-building activities”.[5]


The U.S. Department of State has a list of performance indicators used to determine the value of funding towards peace and security objectives.[13] The information used to assess performance is attained by Department of State agencies, its partners, and multilateral global bodies such as the United Nations and the World Bank.[14]

Because of the integrated approach to Sudanese funding from the U.S. and the global community as a whole, it is challenging to attribute specific results to U.S. funding for conflict mitigation and reconciliation in Sudan.

As program evaluations have become a higher priority for the U.S. government, quantifiable program results are beginning to appear. In 2008 USAID funding towards Peace and Security in Sudan resulted in the following:

strengthening 38 formal and informal peace-building and community-strengthening networks in Darfur, including neighborhood youth associations
engagement of 102,407 people in community-based reconciliation projects throughout northern Sudan
construction of six early warning posts in volatile areas of the Greater Upper Nile[15]Reactions

The impact of U.S. aid to Sudan has been a controversial topic. A June 2010 USAID report stated “capacity building efforts in Southern Sudan are currently neither strategic nor focused. With few exceptions, the objectives are sweeping, unspecific, detached from actual performance, impossible to measure, and thus unlikely to succeed”.[16] One claim is that the capacity of the governmental bodies within Sudan are not enough to effectively use such funding. Aid money is either not provided where expected or used ineffectively and is therefore mostly wasted.[16]

Flag of the Sudanese People’s Liberation Army

Although not specifically linked to U.S. funding for conflict mitigation and reconciliation, one criticism of U.S. foreign aid towards Sudan has been in the use of such funding to provide assistance towards the Sudanese People’s Liberation Army (SPLA), which enlists child soldiers. As of December 2009, the SPLA included around 1,200 children—both boys and girls—aged between 12 and 17 years old.[17]

See also

Sudan – United States relations


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^ “Marshall Plan”. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Retrieved April 11, 2011.

^ a b c “Sudan— A Comprehensive Approach”. United States Department of State. Retrieved April 11, 2011.

^ Rogin, Josh (October 19, 2009). “Clinton rolls out new Sudan policy”. Foreign Policy. Retrieved April 11, 2011.

^ a b c d e f g h “USAID: The Humanitarian Situation in Sudan”. United States Agency for International Development. August 20, 2010. Archived from the original on October 17, 2011. Retrieved April 11, 2011.

^ “Sudan—Foreign Aid”. Country Data. June 1991. Retrieved April 11, 2011.

^ Bureau of African Affairs (November 9, 2010). “Background Note: Sudan”. United States Department of State. Retrieved April 11, 2011.

^ Poole, Lydia; Primrose, John (October 2010). “Southern Sudan: Funding according to need” (PDF). Global Humanitarian Assistance. Retrieved April 11, 2011.

^ a b c d e United States Department of State; United States Agency for International Development. “Sudan”. Retrieved April 11, 2011.

^ a b “USAID/Sudan 2006–08 Strategy Statement” (PDF). United States Agency for International Development. December 2005. Retrieved April 11, 2011.

^ “Economic Support Fund”. United States Agency for International Development. Retrieved April 11, 2011.

^ “Economic Support Fund” (PDF). United States Agency for International Development. Retrieved April 11, 2011.

^ “Peace and Security: Indicators and Definitions” (PDF). United States Department of State. Retrieved April 11, 2011.

^ “Standard Foreign Assistance Indicators”. United States Department of State. Retrieved April 11, 2011.

^ “Fiscal Year 2008: Annual Performance Report” (PDF). United States Agency for International Development. Retrieved April 11, 2011.

^ a b Peraino, Kevin (September 24, 2010). “Sorry, Sudan”. Newsweek. Retrieved April 11, 2011.

^ Al Jazeera English (October 29, 2010). “Child Soldiers ‘No Bar’ for US Aid”. Common Dreams NewsCenter. Retrieved April 11, 2011.

External links

Sudanese-U.S. Foreign Relations from the Dean Peter Krogh Foreign Affairs Digital Archives
Retrieved from “”

NATO - Declassified: A short history of NATO

NATO – Declassified: A short history of NATO – Fortunately, by then the United States had turned its back on its traditional policy of diplomatic isolationism. Aid provided through the US-funded With the benefit of aid and a security umbrella, political stability was gradually restored to Western Europe and the post-war economic miracle began.In any event, US Special Envoy for Iran Rob Malley declared that the United States is seeking to get back to the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). Malley also signals that the US will have to challenge the sanctions that the previous administration had put on Iran.The act provides for curtailing or cancelling U.S. aid to states that restrict or violate human rights. Denial of entry to the United States; Limitations on exports of certain groups of goods, including In fact, beginning from August 1, 2016, the Trading with the Enemy Act specifies the maximum fine of Countering threats to the key principles of its foreign policy, primarily threats to international peace…

Is Israel beginning to lose the Iran nuclear deal? – Veterans Today – A way that the United States began its policy of providing aid to Sudan was by easing sanctions. The United States has been the major donor of The United States implemented economic, trade and financial sanctions in 1997, against the country due to its international terrorism support, ongoing…3 Sudan Policy Recommendations Identify and halt methods employed by the regime to foster the growth and spread of terrorism. It is well known that the Bashir regime provides material and ideological support to terrorism networks. For example, the regime funds, harbors and issues…Ever since the United States designated Sudan a "state sponsor of terrorism" in 1993 and imposed comprehensive sanctions on the country, doctors and scientists in Khartoum say they have struggled to import Similar stories abound in Iran, another country that the United States intensively sanctions.

Is Israel beginning to lose the Iran nuclear deal? - Veterans Today

Everything you want to know about how sanctions work – A result of US foreign aid in Sudan was. the creation of South Sudan. Which describes the role that economic foreign policy plays in the global economy? A way that the United States began its policy of providing aid to Sudan was by. easing sanctions.A map of the United States that shows 'free states,' 'slave states,' and 'undecided' ones, as it appeared in the book Despite seeing an unprecedented degree of Black participation in American political life, Reconstruction was ultimately frustrating for African Americans, and the rebirth of white…Sudan serves as a gateway for human trafficking to Europe. Sudan is located between Eritrea, a country where many This is strategically important to the United States due to its close relationship with many European countries I have no idea if the US is currently willing to provide aid to Sudan.

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2016 – US Interventionism – .

Citizens speak out – 21 June 2011 – Citizens speak out.
In countries like Bahrain,
Egypt, Germany, Greece, India, Iraq, Libya, Pakistan, Palestine, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia
and Yemen, people continue to demand that their governments act in the best interests
of all fellow citizens by ensuring basic safety, freedom and democratic rights. GERMANY – Prensa Latina reports that hundreds
of Germans gathered in front of the Brandenburg Gate on Sunday, June 19 to call for an end
to the 50-year economic, commercial and financial blockade of Cuba by the United States. GREECE – As Greek citizens continued to protest,
Prime Minister George Papandreou called for their united support of his proposed budget
reductions, explaining that without the assistance of the current loans, the country would run
out of money and the reductions would need to be more severe. He also announced plans
for a referendum so that the people can vote on the Greek political system and constitution
as he asked political parties to join in a national accord to overcome the crisis. EGYPT – As a military court on Sunday began
to prosecute journalist Adel Hammuda and editor Rasha Azab over an article in which they interviewed
people who claimed they had been tortured by a military officer, Egyptian journalists
expressed their concern that freedom of the press continues to be suppressed under the
current leadership. Meanwhile, the defense lawyer for former President Hosni Mubarak
announced that he is suffering a cancer relapse and is medically unfit to stand trial. The
former leader is currently in custody at a hospital in Sharm el-Sheikh and has been charged
with ordering the killing of peaceful protesters. TUNISIA – During a trial on Monday for former
President Zine el Abidine Ben Ali and his wife Leila Trabelsi, they were found guilty
of misappropriating public funds and sentenced in absentia to 35 years imprisonment each,
along with US million in fines. The remainder of charges, which include illegal weapon and
drug possession, were postponed until June 30 to allow lawyers more time to prepare a
defense. Meanwhile, the Ministry of Justice stated that another extradition request to
return the couple from Saudi Arabia to Tunisia has been filed with the Saudi government. PALESTINE – The Miles of Smiles 3 convoy succeeded
in bringing necessary aid to Gaza through the Rafah border crossing with Egypt on Sunday,
as 15 vehicles and over 50 people from the European Union, South Africa, Tunisia and
Lebanon delivered 30 tons of medicine, medical supplies and food. LIBYA – On Sunday, the North Atlantic Treaty
Organization (NATO) said it is investigating an incident in which a technical failure caused
a missile to accidentally strike a residential area in the capital Tripoli, killing nine
citizens, including two infants. However, on Monday, NATO denied the Libyan government’s
claims that the alliance’s airstrike killed an additional 15 civilians in Surman, explaining
that there were no recent NATO operations conducted in that area. Meanwhile, the United
Arab Emirates' government joined the United Nations and several Western countries in imposing
sanctions against Libya as it authorized the central bank to freeze the financial assets
of 19 Libyan figures. SYRIA – After storming the border town of
Bdama and detaining as many as 70 residents on Sunday, Syrian forces blocked roads in
a northwestern border area to prevent refugees from entering Turkey. The Turkish government,
which is sheltering over 10,500 Syrian asylum seekers in camps, meanwhile sent an envoy
to the Syrian capital Damascus with a letter urging the immediate removal of President
Assad’s brother, Maher al-Assad, who is currently commander of the Syrian army troops
that carried out the recent attacks. The following day, Syrian President Bashar al-Assad addressed
the nation in his first speech in two months, where he offered to diffuse tensions by creating
a national dialogue process to address reforms and expand a recent amnesty offer for detainees.
However, he refused the possibility of reforms amidst what he termed "chaos" and vowed to
hold accountable all those believed to have caused bloodshed. Activists reported that
protests began immediately after the president's speech in cities like Homs, Hama, Damascus
and Aleppo, where over 50 people were reportedly arrested. Meanwhile, members of the international
community also responded, with the US State Department calling for the president's actions
and not words and British Foreign Secretary William Hague stated that President al-Assad
must deliver concrete reforms or step aside, while a group of European foreign ministers
issued a joint statement saying that the president's credibility depends on his implementation
of announced reforms. This came as they met to consider adding more than a dozen people
and businesses to a list of 23 already sanctioned with an asset freeze and travel ban, including
President Assad. PAKISTAN – An estimated 1,500 tribal members
demonstrated in Miranshah, the main town of the North Waziristan region, with residents
also observing a general strike as they called for a halt to US unmanned airstrikes, also
known as drones. Saying that innocent lives are at stake, the demonstrators stated that
they would block supply routes and even take up arms against the Pakistani military if
the government does not halt the drone attacks. As we join in sorrow for the precious lives
lost and the people in nations struggling to realize harmonious ideals, we pray for
all strife to end and that citizens everywhere may co-exist in dignified safety, freedom
and peace� .

USAID Administrator Dr. Rajiv Shah at the USAID 50th Anniversary Event – It is an honor to share the stage with Caroline Kennedy, whose
poise, passion and commitment to public service has been a source of inspiration for generations
of young people.
I am so glad she was able to join us today to help us celebrate her
father's legacy. Let me also welcome senior members of the
White House, State Department
and congressional staff. I want to especially thank Secretary Clinton, Gayle Smith and Cheryl
Mills for their strong support of USAID and development work more broadly. Our USAID community
would not be complete without you. I would also like to say hello, good morning
and good evening to staff watching from our Missions across the world.
And I would particularly like to recognize the USAID 50th Anniversary team, especially
Abby Sugrue, for your hard work in making today truly special as well as her father,
Bill Sugrue, who served for many years as a USAID Foreign Service officer and has joined
us today. Fifty-one years ago, a young man in the midst
of a tough presidential campaign described the American nation poised on the edge of
a new frontier-a frontier that offered hope, as well as new challenges. "Beyond that frontier," he said, "are the
uncharted areas of science and space, unsolved problems of peace and war, unconquered pockets
of ignorance and prejudice, unanswered questions of poverty and surplus."
As he accepted the Democratic Nomination for the Presidency, Senator John F. Kennedy called
on Americans to push past this frontier. He spoke with a conviction that global prosperity
and security could be achieved through human progress, and that our future as a nation
would be determined by our actions-and good deeds-across the developing world.
As he gave campaign speeches in small-town rail stations and big-city union meetings,
Kennedy spoke of this vital connection with the developing world. He encouraged medical
students in Michigan to serve in Ghana and famers in Iowa to use their agricultural surplus
to help feed hungry families around the world. And at a high school in Indiana, Kennedy challenged
an auditorium full of seventeen year-olds to study hard so they could one day help close
the gap between the rich and poor. As Kennedy stepped forward to lead the country
at the height of the Cold War, one of his first acts as President was to outline this
vision of peace through development. In a letter to Congress, President Kennedy
called for a new American Agency with the flexibility to respond to international emergencies
and the commitment to long-term global development. An Agency that could represent the best of
American ideals abroad-while advancing the safety and prosperity of Americans at home.
Fifty years ago today, President Kennedy founded the United States Agency for International
Development. In the fifty years since, the men and women
of USAID have worked on the frontlines of poverty and conflict, laying the foundation
for a safer, more peaceful world. In that time, cases of polio have been cut
from 350,000 to 2,000, placing us on the verge of eradicating the disease forever, just as
smallpox was decades earlier. Child mortality fell by 60 percent and maternal
death rates by a third, while fertility rates were cut in half. Life expectancies grew globally
by 17 years. More than 90 new democracies came into existence,
including 17 in sub-Saharan Africa in just the last 15 years. GDP-per-capita grew by
2000 percent, global poverty rates fell by over 80 percent and global literacy grew 60
percent. These are more than statistics-these are results
that reflect a legacy of human progress. That legacy has been powered not by policies
but by individuals-paramount among them, the men and women of USAID who rose to the challenge,
harnessed innovation and helped deliver transformational results.
Individuals like Richard Greene, now our Mission Director in Bangladesh, who began his career
as a health development officer in Sudan in the 1980s. Richard helped design and launch
the President's Malaria Initiative-a game-changing program that has already helped cut malaria
deaths in half in over 40 countries. Or Gloria Steele, who was born in the Philippines
and now leads our mission there. Through her leadership, Gloria has helped establish the
Philippines as a model of President Obama's Partnerships for Growth Initiative, supporting
the rise of East Asia's newest, most promising emerging market.
Or Nitin Madhav, who survived a life-threatening ambush by militiamen while working in Rwanda
and only became more determined to dedicate his life to development. As our officer-in-charge
for Burma programs, Nitin helped facilitate critical reconstruction efforts in Burma after
the devastating cyclone in 2007. Whether risking personal harm to vaccinate
children-like Ellyn Ogden, our Global Polio Coordinator-or using personal credit cards
to help Hondurans pull off their first democratic election-like Agency alum Bob Murphy-our history
as an Agency is woven from stories like these. Stories of innovation, hardship, analytic
excellence and entrepreneurial spirit. From our excellent, core staff of Foreign
Service Nationals to the newly minted DLI 20 class, I know that each of you has or is
currently writing your own powerful story-of dedication, achievement and delivering results-and
I thank you for your service One year ago, President Obama's released the
first-ever presidential policy on global development and unequivocally placed development alongside
defense and diplomacy as partners in our foreign policy.
And in the first-ever formal review of our country's development and diplomacy operations,
Secretary Clinton made clear the importance of global leadership through smart civilian
power. Simply put, at no other time has our Agency
had such clear and such strong support. But with that support has come greater responsibility-and
a need to deliver the next decade of meaningful results more effectively and more efficiently
than ever before. We have learned important lessons about how
to improve our efforts-about the value of partnership; the importance of sustainability;
and the need to foster innovation. Because you understood the power of private
sector partnership to promote sustainable growth in the developing world, we established
groundbreaking programs like the Global Development Alliance and the Development Credit Authority
to leverage the resources and expertise of an entirely new range of private sector partners.
Because you understood that finding a sustainable end to global hunger would require agricultural
investment in addition to food aid, we are working through President Obama's food security
initiative-Feed the Future-to address the root causes of hunger and malnutrition.
And because you understood that innovations required a greater willingness to take risks,
we launched the Development Innovation Ventures to accelerate the time it takes transformational
solutions to reach the people who need them most.
Across our work-from education to food security-we are harnessing a new wave of science and technology
to accelerate progress in ways that were simply unimaginable in the past.
A decade ago, we were still trying to figure out how to get pregnant women and severely
malnourished children to clinics miles away. Today, we can do our best to bring the hospital
to them, through frontline community health workers armed with affordable, easy-to-use,
point-of-care diagnostics to save a mother's or newborn's life in any setting.
A decade ago, we had limited ways to reach the poor who often lived in the most remote
areas of a country. Today, the spread of mobile technologies allows
us to help remote populations access market data, monitor elections and even conduct banking
transactions. Our mobile programs are fighting graft in
Afghanistan, helping Haitians build wealth without building banks and giving farmers
and fisherman around the world a fair price for their goods.
But I believe an even more remarkable future lies ahead.
A future where each development dollar we spend builds 10 dollars of local capacity
on the ground, simply by leveraging the flow of global-and local-private sector capital.
A future where hundreds of quality evaluations of USAID projects help form the Wikipedia
of development learning-a global commons for evidence-based practice and knowledge that
informs revolutionary new approaches. A future where every project from major development
organizations across the world are visualized on a geospatial map, where citizens of any
country will be able to literally see the scale and impact of our work and share their
ideas. And a future where developing countries not
only graduate, they build world class development agencies themselves, teaching us about new
ways to spur economic growth or produce clean energy.
I know I speak a lot about procurement reform and indicators and a new way of doing business.
Maybe you all have heard me from time to time? But I believe those steps are crucial to turning
USAID into the modern development enterprise of the future-a future I know we can realize
together. I want to conclude by saying thank you.
Every day, across the world, the work you do represents the very best of America: the
generosity, goodwill and ingenuity that unite us as a people. It is one of the purest expressions
of generosity from the American people. But your work also derives benefits for the
American people: it keeps our country safe and strengthens our economy. By helping entrepreneurs open businesses,
we spur the growth of new markets and energize our own economy-as we have in South Korea
and Taiwan and as we are doing in Indonesia and Ghana.
By driving innovations in agriculture, we help nations break free of the devastating
cycle of food riots, famine and failed states-as we did in Asia and as we are working to do
now in the Horn of Africa. And by providing assistance in times of transition,
we express our shared values of freedom, dignity and justice-as we did in Eastern Europe during
the end of the Cold War and as we do today in Tunisia, Egypt and Libya
As we mark 50 years of progress, we step forward with renewed commitment and a greater focus
on partnerships, innovation and meaningful results-thanks to your lasting dedication
to this Agency and the people we serve. President Kennedy famously challenged our
nation during his inaugural address-asking us not what our country could do for us, but
what we could do for our country. Few people have answered that challenge with as much
clarity, dedication and sacrifice as the people of USAID.
For that continued service, I thank you. .