source : lifeder.com
Which of the following characteristics was true of native-born protestants?
A. They opposed the 100% Americanism movement. B. They were the largest participants in the Great Migration. C. They emigrated to southern and eastern Europe in large numbers. D. They comprised a large part of the membership of the Ku Klux Klan.
The answer is D: They comprised a large part of the membership of the Ku Klux Klan. Let’s learn about the Ku Klux Klan and their history in details as below.
Image by Gerd Altmann from Pixabay
About Ku Klux Klan
It was in 1865 when the Ku Klux Klan or say the KKK protestants came into existence. They further moved to the Southern part in 1870 and turned out to be a vehicle for the southern resistance in white.
For the reconstruction of the Republican Party aiming the establishment of economic and political equalities for the blacks. The members of the KKK team began with an underground campaign regarding violence and intimidation which directs at both the black and white Republican leaders.
It was at the beginning of the 20th century when the group of Protestants nativist revived the Ku Klux Klan when burning crosses, staging rallies, marches the immigrants, parades, Jews, Catholics, organized labors and even the blacks took place.
After that, the civil rights movement also took place in 1960 which is also a part of the Ku Klux Klan activity which also included activities like bombing the schools of blacks, churches and other violence that took place against the white and black activists in the South.
The founding of Ku Klux Klan
In 1865, a large crowd of people including the veteran’s former Confederate brought the Ku Klux Klan into existence in the form of a social club in Tennessee or Pulaski, to be precise. The name of the organization is based on a Greek word, which actually means a circle.
It was during the summers of 1867 when the Klan meet local branches in a convention based on general organizing and the ‘Invisible Empire of the South’, was established.
The very first Leading Confederate general of the organization was Nathan Bedford Forrest who is also known as the grand wizard of the organization. Nathan worked on the hierarchy followed by the grand dragons, grand cyclopes, and grand titans.
The Ku Klux Klan is an organization which coincided in the initial of the second phase after the Civil War Reconstruction. The organization was placed by placing more radical members from the Congress Republican Party.
In 1865, the lenient reconstruction policies of President Andrew Johnson was rejected, and Congress came up with a new reconstruction act through the Presidential Veto.
This divided the Provisions of the South with five military districts where each district and state had to get approved for the 14th Amendment for equal protection which opposed the prior constitution for slavery and male suffrage too.
From 1867, the African-American partition in the South brought a big impact on public life. This led to the worst aspect of the reconstruction when the blacks ruled the election for the Southern State Governments and the U.S. Congress too.
KKK joined the reconstruction
KKK joined the reconstruction in the form of an underground violence campaign against the voters and leaders of Republican. This was done to bring an effort on the reverse radical reconstruction policies and restoring of the white supremacy in the Southern areas.
It was in the early period of 1870 when the white supremacy reasserted its rule over the Southern areas for supporting the reconstruction waned which brought the Southern part under control again.
The revival of the Ku Klux Klan
With the beginning of 1915, the white protestant nativists started with the revival of the organization beside Atlanta in Georgia. The revival was inspired by the romantic view of Thomas Dixon’s book, D.W. Griffith and the Old South.
Klan’s Second Generation was anti-black and also stood against the Roman Catholics; foreigners organized labor and the Jews too.
The revolution was fueled by the continuous growth of hostility regarding the immigration which was experienced by the American public during the initial phase of the 20th century considering every communist revolution fear in Russia to the triumph Bolshevik in the year 1917.
The organization used it as a symbol of the burning cross along with the parades, marches, and rallied throughout the country. It was this phase when the membership of Klan exceeded around 4 million people in 1920 nationwide.
The year 1930 is remembered as the Great Depression phase when depletion was observed in the ranks of Klan membership. Again, the organization was also temporarily broken in the year 1944.
In the year 1960, the civil rights movement came up with an urge, including the local Klan activities in the entire South zone, which also included shooting, beating and bombing on the white and black activists.
No doubt, such activities were carried out silently, the Klansmen in the local area were able to win the support of the civil rights cause in the entire nation. In the year 1965, Lyndon Johnson, the President, announced the arrest of 4 Klansmen in public for the murder of a white civil rights worker female in Alabama.
In the initial period of 1990, the Klans came up with an estimation of having active members between 6000 to 10000, which included a major area of Deep South.
Not only in Canada, but the Ku Klux Klan has also attempted various ways of organizing the chapters of KKK out of the U.S. In the late period of 1990, Australia’s former member of One nation, Peter Coleman founded various branches in the entire country.
The Ku Klux Klan also attempted the Circa 2012 for infiltrating various other political parties, and Australia First was among them.
In the United Kingdom, recruitment activity was also observed in the year 1960. In this year, Robert Relf also got involved in the establishment of the British KKK.
The KKK protestant took place in Germany too. The Ritter des Feurigen Kreuzes group of the KKK got established in the year 1920. However, the group got disbanded when the Nazis took over Germany, and the members switched to the Nazis party.
Another group of KKK in Germany named the European White Knights was organized. This organization obtained notoriety in the year 2012 when the media of Germany reported the acceptance of the jobs of two members who were police officers too.
Similarly, various organizations took place in other countries like Fiji, Brazil, and many more.
About Ka Klux Klan: Taken from history.com
The founding of native protestants: Taken from en.wikipedia.com
The revival of the Ka Klux Klan: Taken from brittanica.com
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