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Oxidation and Reduction Reactions (Redox Reactions)
This is an introduction to oxidation-reduction reactions, also known as redox reactions. Learn what redox reactions are, get examples of oxidation-reduction reactions, and find out why redox reactions are important.
What Is an Oxidation-Reduction or Redox Reaction?
Any chemical reaction in which the oxidation numbers (oxidation states) of the atoms are changed is an oxidation-reduction reaction. Such reactions are also known as redox reactions, which is shorthand for reduction-oxidation reactions.
Oxidation and Reduction
Oxidation involves an increase in oxidation number, while reduction involves a decrease in oxidation number. Usually, the change in oxidation number is associated with a gain or loss of electrons, but there are some redox reactions (e.g., covalent bonding) that do not involve electron transfer. Depending on the chemical reaction, oxidation and reduction may involve any of the following for a given atom, ion, or molecule:
Oxidation involves the loss of electrons or hydrogen OR gain of oxygen OR increase in oxidation state.
Reduction involves the gain of electrons or hydrogen OR loss of oxygen OR decrease in oxidation state.
Example of an Oxidation-Reduction Reaction
The reaction between hydrogen and fluorine is an example of an oxidation-reduction reaction:
H2 + F2 → 2 HF
The overall reaction may be written as two half-reactions:
H2 → 2 H+ + 2 e− (the oxidation reaction)
F2 + 2 e− → 2 F− (the reduction reaction)
There is no net change in charge in a redox reaction so the excess electrons in the oxidation reaction must equal the number of electrons consumed by the reduction reaction. The ions combine to form hydrogen fluoride:
H2 + F2 → 2 H+ + 2 F− → 2 HF
Importance of Redox Reactions
The electron transfer system in cells and oxidation of glucose in the human body are examples of redox reactions. Oxidation-reduction reactions are vital for biochemical reactions and industrial processes as well. Redox reactions are used to reduce ores to obtain metals, to produce electrochemical cells, to convert ammonia into nitric acid for fertilizers, and to coat compact discs.
Oxidation-Reduction Reactions – This is a redox reaction but is not readily identified as such by the previous definitions of oxidation and reduction. Oxidation-Reduction Reactionsare all reactions that involve the change of an oxidation number, and transfer of electrons among the reacting substances.Oxidation-reduction potential (ORP) or redox is a measurement that indicates how oxidizing or reducing a liquid is. Both oxidation and reduction can happen in the same reaction, which is why reactions involving oxidation and reduction are often called redox reactions.Oxidation-Reduction is a reaction in which electrons are passed from one molecule to another, resulting in the one gaining the electrons become reduced, and the one losing the electrons becomes oxidized. Oxidation is when molecules lose electrons (or hydrogen) from redox reactions.
What is ORP? | What are oxidation and reduction? – Oxidation is any chemical reaction that involves the moving of electrons. Specifically, it means the substance that gives away electrons is oxidized. Normally, this is a reaction between oxygen and a substance such as iron.The electrons that are lost in the oxidation reaction are the same electrons that are gained in the reduction reaction. These two reactions are commonly When it loses the electron, chemists say that the sodium metal has been oxidized to the sodium cation. (A cation is an ion with a positive charge…Below is an Oxidation and reduction reactions quiz trivia. Oxidation is the process where electrons are lost while reduction is the transfer of electrons betwee… The terms Oxidation and Reduction both have direct polar opposite definitions. what is each term defined as?
Oxidation-Reduction | Biology | Fandom – Oxidation-reduction reactions, called also redox reactions, are most simply balanced in the form of chemical equations by arranging the quantities of the substances involved so that the number of electrons lost by one substance is equaled by the number gained by another substance.providing the electrons necessary to reduce the oxidation number of hydrogen, the oxidation number of zinc increases from 0 to +2; zinc is oxidized. Oxygen doesn't change its oxidation state. The oxidizing agent is permanganate, and the reducing agent is oxalate.the hydrogen is oxidized and the oxygen is reduced. The combination of nitrogen and oxygen which occurs at high temperatures follows the same pattern. In some reactions, the oxidation is most prominent. For example in the burning of methane